TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Historical Note

Scope and Content

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Inventory

Records 1687-1749


RG 001:007, Records of the Court of Assistants and Superior Courts

Finding aid prepared by Connecticut State Library staff.

Copyright © 2012 by the Connecticut State Library


Overview of the Collection

Repository: Connecticut State Library
Creator: Connecticut. Court of Assistants
Creator: Connecticut. Superior Court
Title: Records of the Court of Assistants and Superior Courts
Dates: 1687-1749
Quantity: 2 volumes
Abstract: Records of court cases.
Identification: RG001_007
Accession: T002514
Language: The records are in English.

Historical Note

The first Connecticut judicial proceeding were probably held on April 26, 1636 at “A Corte holden in Newtown” (Hartford) under the commission granted to eight leaders by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay.

In 1638, the General Court established the Particular Court (often called the “Quarter Court” because it was required to meet every three months). While the General Court, later called the General Assembly, controlled the administration of justice, the Particular Court was the principal body until the union of the New Haven and Connecticut colonies and the granting of the Charter from King Charles II in 1662.

In 1665, with the new Charter, the Particular Court was abolished and two new levels of courts were established: the Court of Assistants in 1665, and the county courts one year later. Separate probate courts were established in 1698 to handle such matters as wills and estates.

The Court of Assistants was abolished in 1711. Its powers of original and appellate jurisdiction were assumed by the newly created Superior Court, the forerunner of the sole trial court of general jurisdiction, which exists in Connecticut today.

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Scope and Content

Records of the Court of Assistants, February 15, 1686/87-October 1687; May 27, 1690-May 11, 1696; May 7, 1702-1711. Records of the Superior Court, 1711-1715; 1748-1749.

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Arrangement

Arranged in 2 volumes numbered within the larger collection of Early General Records as volumes 57 and 58. There are no other volume numbers assigned.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Researchers should first consult use copies when available. See Alternate Form Available Section below.

See the Rules and Procedures for Researchers Using Archival Records and Secured Collections policy.

Restrictions on Use

See the Reproduction and Publications of State Library Collections policy.

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Administrative Information

Alternative Form Available

Norbert B. Lacy transcribed records for the period 1665-1711 in 1937. A copy of this transcript (2 volumes) is in RG 003, Box 648.

Volume 53, Court of Assistants records has been transcribed in Colony of Connecticut : minutes of the Court of Assistants, 1669-1711 [StLib History Reference F97 .C67 2009 1776-].

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Inventory

Records, 1687-1749
EGR Vol
Colonial records, New England, 1659-1701 53
This volume is part of RG 001:005, Records of the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England (Accession T002511). It also includes records of the Court of Assistants, May 11, 1669 - October 7, 1686 and October 1, 1696 - October 3, 1701. It is listed here for completeness.
Records, Courts of Assistants and Superior Court, 1710-1749 57
Includes records of the Superior Court, 1711-1715, 1748-1749.
Separate typed index inside front cover.
Records, Courts of Assistants and Superior Court, 1687-1715 58
Inscribed in volume: "Records of the Acts of the Court of Assistants in the colony of the Court of Assistants in the colony of Connecticut in New England beginning at the court holden at Hartford May 7th 1702."
Volume in reverse: "Table in alphabetical order of names of plaintiffs and defendants and other persons concerned in the actions and acts of the Court of Assistants for the space of tenn years hereafter entered on this side of the book." Court cases starting with 1687 follow the table.
Manuscript index in front of volume.