TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Biographical Note

Scope and Content

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Container List

Series 1. Subject Files

RG 005:031, Office of the Governor: Chester Bowles (1949-1951)

Inventory of Records

Finding aid prepared by Connecticut State Library staff.

Copyright © 2007 by the Connecticut State Library



Overview of the Collection

Repository: Connecticut State Library
Creator: Connecticut. Governor (1949-1951 : Bowles)
Title: Chester Bowles records
Dates: 1949-1951
Quantity: 5 cubic feet
Abstract: Gov. Chester Bowles' subject files.
Identification: RG005_031
Accession: T001275
Language: The records are in English.

Biographical Note

Born: April 5, 1901, Springfield, Massachusetts.
College: Yale, 1924.
Political Party: Democrat.
Offices: Governor of Connecticut, 1949-1951; U.S. Ambassador to India, 1951-1953 & 1963-1969; U.S. Congress, 1959-1961; U.S. State Dept., 1961-1963.
Died: May 25, 1986, Essex, Connecticut.

Thought to be one of Connecticut's most liberal governors, Chester Bowles was the last governor of the state to serve a two-year term. Bowles credited his liberalism to the influence of certain members of his family, his desire to be in public service, and what he saw government accomplish during the Great Depression and World War II. When he graduated from Yale in 1924, he went to work for a New York City advertising agency and by 1929, he and William Benton opened their own advertising company. Despite the economic difficulties of the 1930's, Benton and Bowles made enormous profits so that by the 1940's both men were able to leave their company to pursue other interests. For Bowles, this took the form of government service. Bowles was married twice. His fist wife was Julia Fisk. They had two children before their divorce in 1932. Shortly after this, he married Dorothy Stebbin and they had three children.

When Connecticut developed programs as part of World War II, Governor Hurley appointed Bowles to oversee the rationing of products in the state. In 1943, Bowles took a similar position with the Federal Government's Office of Policy and Management Council. Turned on to what he saw government capable of doing during the depression and the war, Bowles was convinced government could also overcome poverty and injustice in society. He decided that the best place to begin this work was on the state level and in 1946 he sought the support of Connecticut's Democratic leaders to be that party's candidate for governor. However, he was unaware of the existence of John Bailey during his visit to Hartford and Bailey used this slight to back Wilbert Snow for governor. Snow won the nomination over Bowles and Bailey won the position of state party chairman, which he held for 29 years. Bowles again ran for the Democratic nomination for governor in 1948, only this time he sought Bailey's support. Nominated by his party, a private poll gave him no chance of winning the November election. Nevertheless, Bowls was able to overcome these odds and was elected governor for the next two years.

The 1949 legislative session was not a smooth one for Bowles. He produced a budget that was balanced, but only because he introduced the concept of bonding funds to pay for the projects that he advocated. The Republican controlled General Assembly produced its own budget. Bowles also proposed replacing the sales tax with an income tax, but this idea quickly died in the legislature. When the assembly failed to agree on a budget by its mandated time for adjournment, Bowles had to call it back into special session to complete this task before the new fiscal year began on July 1, 1949. He would eventually call four more special sessions to deal with his concerns for improving Connecticut and its government. He was successful in getting legislation passed so that more housing could be built in the state. He also had some civil rights legislation passed, made some improvements in welfare benefits, provided for more buildings at the state's colleges and university, and instituted more teacher training. However, many of his progressive ideas for government and society were unacceptable during his term, although most were passed under later governors.

Bowles ran for reelection in 1950 and lost to John Lodge. Democrats close to him conceded that he had tried to do too much too soon. Bowles remained active in government, serving in Congress and with the administration of President Kennedy. He was also ambassador to India for a number of years. A prolific writer, Bowles died in 1986 at the age of 85. His house in Essex, overlooking the Connecticut River, was offered for sale in 1991 at a value of nearly three million dollars. In 1972, he donated large sections of his property along the river to be used as a wildlife refuge. Connecticut's Route 9, which runs through Middletown, is named in his honor.

Bibliography

Bowles, Chester. Promises to Keep: My Years in Public Life, 1941-1969.New York: Harper's, 1971.

_______________. Tomorrow Without Fear. New Haven, 1946.

Congressional Quarterly's Guide to United States Elections. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1994 [CSL call number GIS Ref JK 1967 .C662 1994.

Glashan, Roy R. American Governors and Gubernatorial Elections, 1775-1975. Stillwater, Minn.: Croixside Press, 1975 [CSL call number JK 2447 .G53 1975].

Lieberman, Joseph I. The Legacy: Connecticut Politics, 1930-1980. Hartford, Conn.: Spoonwood Press, c1981 [CSL call number JK 3395 .L3 1981].

Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Westport, Conn.: Meckler Books, 1978 [CSL call number GIS Ref E 176 .B573].

Van Dusen, Albert E. Connecticut. New York: Random House, 1961 [CSL call number HistRef F 94 .V3].

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Scope and Content

Gov. Chester Bowles' subject files related to state agencies, commissions, legislative bills, and appointments among other topics.

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Arrangement

Series 1. Subject Files.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

These records are stored at an off-site facility and therefore may not be available on a same-day basis.

See the Rules and Procedures for Researchers Using Archival Records and Secured Collections policy.

Restrictions on Use

See the Reproduction and Publications of State Library Collections policy.

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Related Material

Chester Bowles Papers, 1924-1982, located in Manuscripts and Archives, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University. These papers include correspondence, speeches, and photographs from Bowles' time as Governor.

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Index Terms

Persons:

Bowles, Chester, 1901-

Subjects:

Bowles, Chester, 1901- -- Archives
Connecticut -- History -- Sources
Connecticut -- Politics and government -- 1865-1950 -- Sources
Connecticut -- Politics and government -- 1951- -- Sources
Connecticut. Office of the Governor -- Archives
Governors -- Connecticut -- Archives

Document Types:

Records

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Container List

Series 1. Subject Files
Box
Advisory Personnel Committee 528
Aeronautics, Dept. of
Agricultural Experiment Station
American School for the Deaf
Attorney General
Auditors of Public Accounts
Banking Commission
Budget Division
Care and treatment of the Chronically Ill, Aged & Infirm, Commission on
Child Study Home
Civil Defense
Conn. National Guard
Connecticut State Hospital
Connecticut State Prison
Construction – Real Assets Reports
Dental Commission
Development Commission
Education, Board of
Employment, Full (Committee on)
Employment of the Physically Handicapped
Extradition
Fairfield State Hospital
Finance Advisory committee
Finance and Control, Department of
Fine Arts, Commission on
Fisheries & Game, Board of
Fitch Property – Vet’s Home & Hospital
Flood Control and Water Policy Com[mission]
Flood Control Compact – Legislation in Connecticut, Amendments
Flood Control – Mansfield Hollow Resources
Forest & Wildlife, Commission on
Food and Drugs Commission
Gaylord Farms Sanatorium 529
Governor’s Conference on Children and Youth
Groton – New London Bridge Commission
Harmon Exhibit
Hartford Bridge Commission
Hadlyme Ferry
Health Committee
Health Department
Highway Department
Highway Safety Commission
Highways – Darien Bypass
Highways – Expressway E – W Hartford
Highways – Miscellaneous
Highways – Miscellaneous [folder 2]
Statement of Purpose of Highway Construction Projects, 1949-1950
Statement of Purpose of Highway Construction Projects, 1950 July1-December 31
Statement of Purpose of Highway Construction Projects, Fiscal year 1949-1950
[Statement of Purpose of] Relocation Route U.S. 1 Darien
[Statement of Purpose of] East – West Expressway Hartford, Broad St. to Sisson Avenue
[Statement of Purpose of] East – West Expressway Trout Brook to School House Corner West Hartford and Farmington
[Statement of Purpose of] Wilbur Cross Highway – Union Route 20 to Mass. State Line
Proposed Reconstruction of U.S. 1 New Haven Harborfront, 1947 May
Statement of Purpose Additional Highway Construction, Project Fiscal Year 1949-1950
Wilbur Cross Parkway Tolls
[Statement of] Proposed Highway Improvement Bolton Notch, Bolton, Connecticut
Highways – Relocation Route 1 New Haven
Housing
Housing – Home Ownership
Housing Authority, Conn. State
Housing Authority, Conn. State , 8 folders 530
Housing Progress , 1950 April 14
Humane and Welfare Institutions Building Program Commission 531
Insurance Commission
Intergovernmental Cooperation Comm[ission]
Inter – Racial Commission
Interstate Sanitation Commission
Investment Committee
Israel Putnam Memorial Camp Commission
Labor and Factory Inspection, Dept. of
Legislative Council
Liquor Control Commission
Long Lane School
Mansfield State Hospital
Marketing Authority, Conn[ecticut]
Merritt Parkway Commission
Military Dept.
Motor Vehicles Dept.
Mystic Oral School
Natural Gas
New Britain General Hospital
New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission
Norwich State Hospital
Old Lyme – Old Saybrook Bridge Comm[ission]
Opticians, Commission of
Park & Forest Commission
Personnel Department
Plant Tenancy -- Chance Vought
Plant Tenancy -- Southington
Police Department
Public Expenditure Council, Conn.
Public Health Council
Public School Building Commission
Public Utilities Commission 532
Public Welfare Council
Purchasing Department
Saving Bank Railroad Investment Committee
Savings Banks Life Insurance Fund
Seaside Sanatorium
Southbury Training School
State Government Organization Comm.
State Mental Hospitals, Joint Committee of the
State Police
State Training Schools, Joint Committee of the
Steamship Terminals, Commission of
Steel Advisory Committee
Tax Department
Treasurer’s Office
Tuberculosis Commission
Unemployment Compensation
Unemployment Compensation Committee
University of Connecticut
Veterans Home & Hospital
Water Commission
Welfare Department