TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Historical Note

Scope and Content

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Container List

Series 1. Tax records 1891-1929

Series 2. Mohegan Tribe 1976-1994


RG 062:086, Town of Montville

Inventory of Records

Finding aid prepared by Bruce P Stark.

Copyright © 2007 by the Connecticut State Library


Overview of the Collection

Repository: Connecticut State Library
Creator: Montville (Conn.)
Title: Town of Montville records
Dates: 1891-1994
Quantity: 15.25 cubic feet
Abstract: Tax records and records created by the Mohegan Tribe and the State of Connecticut, opposing sides in the movement for federal acknowledgment.
Identification: RG062_086
Accession: Multiple
Language: The records are in English.

Historical Note

The town of Montville was incorporated on October 12, 1786 and was taken from New London.

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Scope and Content

The records relating to the Mohegan Tribe consist primarily of copies of arguments, depositions, primary sources related to the history of the Mohegans, and a variety of secondary source materials in favor of and in opposition to federal acknowledgment. The records are generally arranged in chronological order and document the arduous struggle by the Mohegan to secure recognition through the process overseen by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Mohegans are the only Connecticut tribal entity to have successfully navigated the standard acknowledgment process.

The materials gathered by opposing parties in federal acknowledgment are significant not only for the massive documentation they provide on the recognition process, but also for the detail they include on the history of the Mohegan Tribe, both from primary and secondary sources. Often the same documents were used by differing parties in an attempt to demonstrate opposite conclusions.

The depositions of eighteen men and women taken between 1980 and 1983 provide a particularly revealing glimpse of identity at the beginnings of the modern struggle by the tribe to secure federal acknowledgment. Also of interest are lists of persons claiming to be Mohegan (Box 1, folder 15), Mohegan Tribe membership in 1993 (Box 4, folder 23), a family scroll of descendants of Joshua Occum (Box 2, folder 23), and Fielding family genealogy (Box 2, folder 25). The largest single quantity of records, however, consists of exhibits, e.g., copies of primary and secondary sources used by the parties to try to prove their cases.

The first document in the collection is a 1976 petition to Governor Ella Grasso from Wounded Wolf (Rowland Bishop), Chairman and the last is a copy of an August 1, 1994 written statement of Wayne D. Scott, Mayor of Montville to the U.S. Senate's Committee on Indian Affairs concerning Mohegan land claims.

These records from the Town of Montville provide invaluable documentation to researchers interested in the history of the Mohegans. The records also include materials on the unsuccessful attempt by the Golden Hill Paugussetts of southwestern Connecticut to gain federal recognition, see Boxes 5-6. included is one folder of materials related to the Schaghticoke Indians (Box 2, folder 16).

For those with a more general interest in Native Americans in the state or in other tribal entities, these papers provide valuable leads to the locations of such materials.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

These records are stored at an off-site facility and therefore may not be available on a same-day basis.

See the Rules and Procedures for Researchers Using Archival Records and Secured Collections policy.

Restrictions on Use

See the Reproduction and Publications of State Library Collections policy.

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Related Material

The Connecticut State Archives holds voluminous documentation concerning Indian entities found in such places as the RG 001, Connecticut Archives, Indian Affairs, Series 1 and 2; RG 003, New London County court records, Papers by Subject: Indians; plus materials in RG 005, Office of the Governor; and RG 079, Department of Environmental Protection, to cite some of the most obvious sources.

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Index Terms

Subjects:

Federally recognized Indain tribes
Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Connecticut
Local taxation -- Connecticut -- Montville -- Registers
Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
Mohegan Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Connecticut
Property tax -- Connecticut -- Montville -- Registers
Tax assessment -- Connecticut -- Montville -- Registers
Taxation -- Connecticut -- Montville -- Registers

Places:

Montville (Conn.) -- Records and correspondence

Document Types:

Correspondence
Depositions
Genealogies
Petitions
Reports

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Series 2. Mohegan Tribe: The records were created by the Mohegan Tribe and the State of Connecticut, opposing sides in the movement for federal acknowledgment. These materials were collected by the Town of Montville from the Bureau of Indian Affairs and transferred to the Connecticut State Archives in 2006.

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Container List

Series 1. Tax records, 1891-1929, Accession: T000261, 9 cubic feet
Box Folder
Assessor's property books
Lists real estate, animals owned, outbuildings, power boats and cars, pianos, and trade and merchandise.
1910-1911, 1916-1917 1
1918-1920 2
1921-1923 3
1924-1926 4
1927-1929 5
Tax abstracts
Tax abstracts for 1923 to 1929 are not boxed.
1891, 1893, 1894, 1895 6
1896, 1897, 1898, 1899-1900 7
1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905 8
1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910 9
1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915 10
On oversize shelving.
1916, 1917, 1918, 1919 11
On oversize shelving.
1920, 1921, 1922 12
1923, 1 volume
1924, 1 volume
1925, 1 volume
1926, 1 volume
1927, 1 volume
1928, 1 volume
1929, 1 volume
Series 2. Mohegan Tribe, 1976-1994, Accession: 2007-021, 6.25 cubic feet
Box Folder
Petition to Governor from Wounded Wolf (Rowland Bishop), 1976 November 26 1 1
State of Connecticut, 1977-1994 2-4
Depositions
Jayne Fawcett, 1980 August 25 5
Marcy Weaver, 1981 June 29 6
Stilson Sands, 1981 June 29 7
Fred G. Nelson, 1981 June 29 8
Rowland Bishop, 1981 November 30 9
Mildred Nelson, 1981 December 28 10
Gladys Tantaguidgeon, Marcy Weaver, Stilson Sands, 1981 11
Shirley Dziedzic Walsh, Clifford W. Baker, Sr., Frederick E. Baker, Sr., William M. Medbury, Christine Murtha, Ernest W. Gilman, Jr., 1983 12
P. Dudley Chapman, Jr., Pauline Schultz Brown, Florence Rundell, 1983 13
Victor Cholewa, Virginia H. Damon, 1983 14
Persons claiming to be Mohegan, 1983 15
Mohegan Petition prepared by Jerome S. Griner, 1984 December 17 16
Petition for Federal Recognition, 1985 April 15 17-19
Exhibits, Vol. II, 1984 December 17 20-23
Exhibits, Vol. III, 1984 December 17 24-27
Exhibits, Vol. IV, 1984 December 17 28-31
Exhibits, Vol. V, 1984 December 17 2 1-4
Exhibits, Vol. VI, 1984 December 17 5-6
Exhibits, Vol. X, 1985 December 31 7-10
Exhibits, Vol. XI, 1985 December 17 11-14
Additional Narrative, Vol. IB, 1985 December 31 15
Schaghticoke Indians, 1987-1990 16
Griner, Jerome S., files, 1988-1991 17-18
Mohegan Tribe v. State of Connecticut
Statement regarding land claims, 1989 October 24 19
Other documentation, 1989-1993 20
Proposed Finding against Federal Acknowledgment, 1989 October 30 21
Summary of Proposed Finding against Federal Acknowledgment, 1989 October 30 22
Family scroll, Descendents of Joshua Occum, circa 1990 23
Ann McMullen to Bureau of Acknowledgment and Research, 1990 August 22 24
Fielding family genealogy, circa 1990 25
Petition for Federal Recognition, 1990 August 30
Response, Vol. 1, Narrative Response 26-27
Respondent's Exhibits 28
Response, Oral histories, Vol. II 29
Response, Exhibits, Vol. III 30-32
Response, RExhibits, Vol. IV 33
Response, Exhibits, Vol. IV 3 1-2
Response, Exhibits, Vol. V 3
Bureau of Indian Affiars, Proposed Finding, 1990 4
Petition for Federal Recognition, Respondent's Brief, 1990
Exhibits, Vol. I 5-7
Exhibits, Vol. II 8
Exhibits, Vol. III 9
Exhibits, Vol. IV 10-11
Exhibits, Vol. V 12
Exhibits, Vol. VI 12-14
Exhibits, Vol. VII 15-16
Exhibits, Vol. VIII 17-19
Exhibits, Vol. IX 20
Exhibits, Vol. IX 4 1
Petition for Federal Recognition, Respondent State of Connecticut, 1990
Exhibits, Vol. IA 2-4
Exhibits, Vol. IIA 5-7
Exhibits, Vol. IIIA 8-9
Exhibits, Vol. IVA 10-11
Exhibits, Vol. VA 12-13
Exhibits, Vol. VIA 14-16
Petition for Federal Recognition, Final Reply, 1991 March 1 17-18
Regulations, Guidelines and Policies for Federal Acknowledgment, 1991 March 4 19
Bureau of Indian Affairs, Procedures for Establishing that and American Indian Group Exists as an Indian Tribe, 1992 April 1 20
Mohegan Church, 1992 21
Mohegan Tribe v. Timothy Keeney, 1993 June 14 22
Regarding a landfill.
Mohegan Tribe membership, 1993 July 2 23
Perkins Coie correspondence and papers, 1993 24-26
Petition for Federal Recognition, 1993
Narratives 27
Response of Mohegan Tribe 5 1-2
Silverstone & Koonts, , 1993 June 8 3
Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe of Indians v. Lowell P. Weicker, Jr., 1993 4-14
Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe of Indians v. Lowell P. Weicker, Jr., 1993 6 1
Samish Indian Tribe v. Secretary of the Interior, 1993 2
Freedom of Information Act response, 1993 December 17 3
Correspondence, 1993-1994 4
Statement of Montville Mayor Wayne D. Scott in support of Mohegan Nation of Connecticut Land Claims Settlement Act of 1994 5
Duplicates 7