Preserving the Past, Informing the Future
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The New London County African Americans Collection is an artificial collection composed of photocopies of court cases identified in the records of the New London County, County Court, Files, 1691-1855 in which an African American appears. The African American(s) can be the plaintiff, defendant, subject, or an individual mentioned in a lawsuit.
Scope and Content
The database currently holds records of 286 cases involving African Americans between the years 1701 and 1774. The database provides access to copies of original documents and the cases involving African Americans cover a wide variety of subjects from debt and fraudulent contract to assault and battery and theft.
The database contains the following information: surname and first name of African American, if known, place of residence, date of court session, case name, and subject.
Abbreviations of Court Names:
Date of Court Sessions:
Courts generally met three times
per year in February, June, and November. There were occasional
exceptions for special court sessions. By the early nineteenth century, the months changed to March,
June, and December.
Dates are given in the format "ccyy mmm". Examples: 1763 Feb, 1763 Jun, 1763 Nov