TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Historical Note

Scope and Content

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Container List

Business File 1826-1979

Legal File circa 1831-1943

Administrative File circa 1836-1980

Publications File circa 1850-1980

Mahron Collection 1871-1934

Addenda 1810-1948


RG 103, Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company

Inventory of Records

Finding aid prepared by Connecticut State Library staff.

Copyright © 2007 by the Connecticut State Library


Overview of the Collection

Repository: Connecticut State Library
Creator: Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company
Title: Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company records
Dates: 1810-1980
Quantity: 98.25 cubic feet
Abstract: The records of Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company document gun manufacturing at the armory and the company’s subsidiaries, together with outside contracting activities.
Identification: RG103
Accession: Multiple
Language: The records are in English.

Historical Note

Samuel Colt (1814-1862) received U.S. Patent No. 138 in 1836 for the first revolving cylinder pistol and along with other investors founded the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Paterson, New Jersey. Due to small sales that business closed in September of 1842. Still, Colt guns proved popular during the Mexican War and with the Texas Rangers. General Zachary Taylor, who was commanding troops in Texas in 1846, wanted 1000 Colt revolvers. Samuel Colt made an agreement with Eli Whitney, Jr., the Connecticut contractor for Army muskets, to manufacture the guns. In 1847 Colt borrowed money from his banker cousin Elisha Colt and other Hartford businessmen to lease a factory on Pearl Street in Hartford, where he adapted the system of interchangeable parts to the mass production of guns. In 1851 Colt's exhibited guns at London's Crystal Palace Exposition and two years later opened a branch there that operated until 1857. The Colt's factory in Hartford manufactured 3,000 Dragoon pistols by the end of 1850, first at the Pearl Street location and then on Grove Lane.

In 1851 Samuel Colt bought property in Hartford's South Meadows where he built the Colt's Armory that was completed in August of 1855. The Armory was topped with an onion-shaped blue dome on which stood a rampant colt cast from bronze. Samuel Colt died unexpectedly in January of 1862. A fire in February of 1864 destroyed one half of the Armory and the office. Some suspected that Confederates started the fire. The armory had been running at full capacity to supply the Union army with guns, its total wartime production totaling 378,000 revolvers and 114,000 muskets. Samuel Colt's widow Elizabeth ordered the Armory rebuilt exactly as it was. Construction was completed in 1867. In 1901 Mrs. Colt sold the company to Armstrong & Schirmer, a New York financial house. A holding company was formed in New York State although the Armory was still known as Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company.

Colt's produced the first machine gun, the Gatling, in 1867. Dr. R.J. Gatling invented the gun first fired at Confederate troops in 1862. Gatling later moved to Hartford after improving the desgin. Colt's entered into association with John Moses and Matt Browning in 1891 to manufacture their machine gun. In 1895 John Browning test fired his first automatic pistol for Colt's. The Brownings reached a settlement with Colt in 1903 that gave the company all the benefits of the automatic pistol and automatic machine gun patents. The company also obtained rights to the English Vickers-Maxim automatic machine gun, giving it control over all machine gun production in the world. In 1911 Colt's gave Fabrique Nationale of Liege an exclusive license to sell Browning's automatic pistol in Europe, outside of England. Soon after the United States entered World War I, John Moses Browning returned to Colt's and developed more powerful machine guns than his earlier inventions. In addition to machine guns, pistols were also in demand. The Army had adopted the Colt .45 as its standard sidearm in 1911. During the war Colt's produced 425,000 automatic pistols, 151,700 revolvers, 13,000 Maxim-Vickers machine guns and 10,000 new Brownings.

After the war Colt's diversified into manufacturing other products and established divisions for dishwashers, electrical, and plastics. Colt's production dropped during the early years of the Depression but improved starting in 1933. However, on March 13, 1935 over a thousand workers walked off the job to begin a strike that lasted thirteen weeks. The company experienced further catastrophe when the Flood of 1936 and Hurricane of 1938 damaged the armory. Despite increasing output at the start of World War II and winning the Army-Navy "E" award for outstanding production in 1942, Colt's began to experience financial losses starting in July of 1943 due in part to its failure to adopt modern manufacturing techniques, resulting in layoffs. Control of the company changed hands a few times and eventually became a subsidiary of Penn-Texas. That holding company collapsed in 1958 and what remained became the holding company Fairbanks Whitney. By 1960 manufacturing operations moved from Hartford to West Hartford.

Presidents of Colt's through 1969:

Samuel Colt, 1855-1862
Elisa K. Root, 1862-1865
Richard Jarvis, 1865-1901
John Hall, 1901-1902
Lewis C. Grover, 1902-1909
William C. Skinner, 1909-1911
Col. Charles L.F. Robinson, 1911-1916
William C. Skinner, 1916-1921
Samuel M. Stone, 1921-1944
Graham H. Anthony, 1944-1949
B. Franklin Conner, 1949-1955
Chester Bland, 1955-1958
Fred A. Roff, Jr., 1958-1962
David C. Scott, 1962-1963
Paul A. Benke, 1963-1969

Source: Ellsworth S. Grant, The Colt Armory: A History of Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc., (Lincoln, R.I.: Mowbray Publishing, 1982).

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Scope and Content

The Connecticut State Library received the Colt Factory Firearms Collection and a large manuscript collection from Colt's in 1957. While there is much information regarding the operation of the company contained in the manuscript collection, it does not contain the sources needed to trace the history of a specific firearm. Such information can only be found in the company's shipping records, which were not part of the 1957 donation, and which Colt's has retained. For a fee, the Archives Department of the Colt's Manufacturing Company Inc. can provide an Archive Letter detailing the history of a specific firearm.

The records of the Colt Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company cover the period 1810-1980, though most of the collection falls within the period 1840-1890. The records also document many of the company's outside contracted activities and subsidiaries such as the Gatling Gun Company, London Armory/Agency, and Union Ferry Company. Records on several of the related activities are limited to a single item. Not included among the records are minutes of the board of directors meetings, personnel records, internal office memoranda, annual reports, and printed financial statements.

The principle strengths of the Business File lie in the Incoming Correspondence (Series 3), and the Orders for Arms (Series 4). The routine nature of most of the incoming correspondence lessens its informational value. The Legal File contains documentation on patents. Generally, the Administrative File contains "public relations" materials, including drafts of unpublished company histories and biographies, scrapbooks, armory museum records and an index to correspondence compiled by museum staff. The Publications File contains several catalogs of arms manufactured.

The collection contains handwritten and printed materials, bound volumes, drawings and foreign language material.

Material in the separate manuscript catalog was transferred into the record group. All the material pertaining to the Colt Company in the State Library, except for published monographs and biographies and the gun collection in the Museum of Connecticut History, is in RG 103 or picture group PG460.

A later accession has been added as the Mahron Collection, as well as several smaller accessions collectively as Addenda.

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Arrangement

Business File, 1826-1979, Accession: T001481, 25.75 cubic feet

Legal File, circa 1831-1943, Accession: T001481, 6.50 cubic feet

Administrative File, circa 1836-1980, Accession: T001481, 9 cubic feet

Publications File, circa 1850-1980, Accession: T001481, 6.75 cubic feet

Mahron Collection, 1871-1934, Accession: T003190, 46 cubic feet

Addenda, 1810-1948, Accessions: 1992-018,1994-038, 2000-036, 4.25 cubic feet

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

See the Rules and Procedures for Researchers Using Archival Records and Secured Collections policy.

Restrictions on Use

See the Reproduction and Publications of State Library Collections policy.

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Related Material

PG400, Hartford collection. See "Hartford - Industries - Colt's".

PG440, Collins photograph collection. Album 3 consists entirely of views of the factory during and after the the 1936 and 1938 floods.

PG460, Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company collection.

Also see the Research Guide to Materials about Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company.

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Index Terms

Organizations:

Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co.

Persons:

Colt, Samuel, 1814-1862

Subjects:

Colt firearms
Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Co. -- Records and correspondence

Subjects:

Hartford (Conn.)

Document Types:

Account books
Advertisements
Agreements
Application forms
Broadsides
Brochures
Cashbooks
Catalogs
Charters
Clippings
Contracts
Correspondence
Daybooks
Design drawings
Diaries
Financial statements
Inventories
Ledgers (account books)
Legal documents
Licenses
Logs (records)
Manuals (instructional materials)
Patents
Photographs
Powers of attorney
Price lists
Prints (visual works)
Purchase orders
Receipts (financial records)
Reports
Scrapbooks

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Following the 1955 take-over of the Colt Company by the Penn-Texas Corporation, the new president/chairman made a gift to the people of Connecticut of the valuable collection of Colt guns then at the armory's museum. Having concluded that the museum at the State Library was the best repository, the Pratt & Whitney Company Foundation transferred the gun collection and the business records on March 7, 1957.

Processing Information

Most of the material that became RG 103 was cataloged separately at the point of transfer. It was not until 1971 that staff arranged and described the records as Record Group 103. Even then, many items were still among the cataloged manuscripts. Staff processed RG 103 again in 1976.

In 1982 Richard Mellon provided funds for a project designed to reorganize and microfilm the Colt Company records and personal papers of Samuel Colt at the Connecticut State Library, the Connecticut Historical Society, and the Wadsworth Atheneum. An outside consultant prepared a report on the condition of the collection in the State Library and advised staff on organizational strategies. The present organization represents efforts to clarify the original administrative and legal purposes of the records. The consultant recommended utilizing the four major file units of Business, Legal, Administrative, and Publication, to organize records whose provenance had been destroyed. A later accession has been added as the Mahron Collection, as well as several smaller accessions collectively as Addenda.

Independent researcher Cari Peretzman completed Phase I, reprocessing under the grant funds in September 1983. At that point, staff concluded that the records required further processing before microfilming could proceed. Arrangement and description continued until July 1984.

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Container List

Business File, 1826-1979, Accession: T001481, 25.75 cubic feet
Series 1. Accounts, 1840-1890
This series contains those financial and accounting records that have survived from the Colt Company. It contains the accounts of guns sold by the "Allies? a select group of Colt firearm distributors. These are arranged in numerical order by the distributor's account number. These Allies accounts cover the period 1883-1884. Samuel Colt's bank account book and two volumes of cash and rent books, 1863-1890, are also included in this series. The Colt Company had some thirty contractors working in the Armory, comprising most of the company's employees. Contractor's Accounts, 1868-1889, provide information on the materials produced by oontract for the company and the amount of money Colt paid for it.
The accounts are arranged in chronological order by month and year.
Box
Allies Rebate Account, 1883-1884 1
Bank Account Book, S. Colt, 1857-1859
Bills and Receipts
1840-1841, 1849-1855, 17 folders
1856-1857, 15 folders 2
1858-1859, 1861-1864, 15 folders 3
1865-1867, 1872-1874, 1878-1882, 1885-1889, 25 folders 4
Cash and Rent books, 1863-1890, 2 volumes 5
Contractor's accounts,
1868, 1881-1886, 1889, 7 folders
Series 2. Outgoing Correspondence, 1826-1962, 38 folders
Partial index to correspondence in Administrative File.
F, 1826 6
C, 1839
F, 1844
H-Z, 1847
C-S, 1850
C-E, 1852
C-S, 1853
C-T, 1854
B-S, 1855
C-H, 1856
C-R, 1857
A-W, 1858
A-W, 1859
C-H, 1860
A-W, 1861
G, 1868
W, 1869
B, 1870
R, 1873
U, 1875
W, 1876
C, 1878
J, 1879
E-H, 1880
M, 1881
G, 1882
H, 1885
Mc, 1886
C-L, 1887
R, 1888
A-K, 1889
G, 1899
P, 1906
The following are in the same folder
F, 1910
F, 1911
F, 1916
The following are in the same folder
C, 1936
F-T, 1937
L-M, 1940
S, 1941
G-W, 1942
New York, 1937-1948
The following are in the same folder
B, 1947
C, 1952
B, 1954
The following are in the same folder
E-W, 1960
A-W, 1961
A-W, 1962
W.B. Franklin Copy Book, 1874-1881
Franklin was a Colt Vice President and General Agent.
Most of the correspondence in his copy book is directed to the London Agency.
Letters in the book are arranged in chronological order. No index.
Form letters, 1889-1955 7
Form letters were sent to Colt distributors with notification of price and supply changes and information on new weapons manufactured.
Form letters are arranged chronologically by month and year.
Typescript
Typescript is a record of both outgoing and incoming correspondence transcribed from a dictaphone. The bulk of the correspondence falls between 1853-1860 and deals with matters concerning shipment and manufacture in Europe, patents, routine incoming correspondence on manufacture and shipment in the U.S. and some occassional personal correspondence between Sam Colt and his brother James.
Arranged by cylinder and follows a very rough chronological order.
Series I, No. 1-79, 1847-1861
The following are in the same folder
Series I, No. 79-99, 1847-1861
Series II, No. 1-8, 1847-1861
Correspondence, A-W, undated
Series 3. Incoming Correspondence, 1836-1970
This series contains correspondence to Samuel Colt and to the Colt Company, 1836-1970, with the bulk of the letters covering up to 1890. The majority of the series is composed of orders and routine requests for catalogs, price lists, parts. The series also contains reports from agents in Europe and the United States. Requests for employment in Colt's new Armory are common in the early correspondence as are letters of a more personal nature from Samuel Colt's brother James. The series also contains a letter book of incoming correspondence from the Allies, 1873-1880. The Allies were a select group of arms dealers who, because of special araangements with the Colt Company, were insured of special prices and supplies. This letter book contains a copy of the Colt reply.
Arranged chronologically as created by correspondent. Partial index in Administrative File.
See also: Series 4, Orders for Arms, 1862-1933. Administrative File, Company history, for photostats on government orders of Walker rifles,ca. 1847.
1836-1851, 14 folders 8
1852-1853, 7 folders 9
1854-1864, 12 folders 10
1865-1873, 11 folders 11
Allies Letter Book, 1873-1880 11A
Allies Price Lists, 1875, 1 folder
1874-1877, 6 folders 12
1878-1879, 5 folders 13
1880-1882, 6 folders 14
1883-1885 June, 6 folders 15
1885 July-1886 July, 4 folders 16
1886 August-1887, 4 folders 17
1888-1890, 7 folders 18
1891, 1893-1894, 1899-1903, 1907-1911, 1914, 1916-1917, 1920, 1922-1923, 1925-1927, 1930-1944, 1946-1949, 1951-1956, 1958-1962, 1970, 53 folders 19
Series 4. Orders for Arms, circa 1860-1933
See also: Series 3, Correspondence, Incoming, 1836-1970. Administrative File, History files contain photostats of correspondence pertaining to government order of Walker rifles, circa 1847.
General Orders (post cards), 1873-1897 20
The General Orders were placed by various dealers using post cards supplied by the Colt Company.
These are arranged in chronological order by year, and within that are mixed.
Bureau of Ordnance 21
Composed of orders placed by the U.S. Board of Ordnance to arm the military. Over the years, these orders were placed by the various divisions- U.S. Army, Navy, and War Departments. The Army and Navy Department orders cover the Civil War period. War Department orders cover World War I.
The Army and Navy Department orders are arranged chronologically by the date the order was submitted. War Department orders are listed by contract number and are not in chronological order. A list in the first folder details what each order was for.
Army Department
1863-1864, 1872-1874, 1878, 1880-1889, 6 folders
Miscellaneous orders and payments, 1862-1889
Navy Department
1862-1890
Correspondence, 1872-1890
War Department
Master list of arms, 1917-1918
P14321-2405 Sa, 1918 August 21
P2937-1219 Sa, 1918 February 12
P10740-1933 Sa, 1918 June 26
P15482-2611 Sa, 1918 September 26
P14094-2364 Sa, 1918 August 10 22
CMG 6, 1917 July 16
CMG 156, 1918 January 8
CMG 181, 1918 January 14
P5820-1429 Sa, 1918 April 12
CMG 3, 1918 July 16
CMG 174, 1918 November 13
P13043-2161 Sa, 1918 February 5
P13095-2177 Sa, 1918 August 6
14984, 1917 October 1
P9886-1851 Sa
14670-R32; 14671, 1917 September 18
5662-1412 Sa, 1918 May 21
18497-2992 Sa, 1918 October 17
P4813-1868 Sa, 1918 May 15
P13264-2196 Sa, 1918 August 9
47253-143/2, 1916 December 16
749/15/1442; 1443, 1915
12962-2155 Sa, 1918 August 30
1915 January 22
Miscellaneous 23
National Guard, 1873-1889
U.S. Arsenals, 1873-1887
Orders from Foreign Governments
Includes numerous British WW I orders.
These are arranged in chronological order as they were placed by each country.
Italy, circa 1860 January 16
Egypt, 1865 September 20, 1866 February 15
Egypt, 1866 May 17
Russia, 1867 December 7
Turkey, 1886 November
Rumania, 1915 May 1
Russia, 1915 November 26
Great Britain, 1917 November 28, 1918 April 27
Great Britain, 1918 May 7, 1918 May 8
Argentina, 1933 August 29
Series 5. Tests and Reports, 1857-1921, 20 folders
This series contains the records of tests conducted with arms manufactured by the Colt Company. Prior to adoption of arms, the government required that numerous trials and inspections be conducted. The series also contains reports from military officers on the merits of Colt's weapons.
Series is arranged in chronological order. See item listing in first folder.
1857-1860, 1867, 1875, 1892-1904, 1910, 1912, 1921 24
Series 6. Production Records, 1856-1928
This series contains those records dealing with the number of arms manufactured and ordered, production notes, records of employee's production and time, materials received, contractors, and ballistic tests.
Arranged in rough chronological order with some material arranged in folders by type.
See also: Series 5, Tests and Reports, 1857-1921. Administrative File, Records of Colt Company Production, box 62.
Production Notes, 1856-1865, 1875-1877, 1912 24A
Production Log, 1861-1882
Contractor Log, 1867-1869, 1871-1873, 2 volumes
Production/ Time Books, 1871-1889, 6 volumes
U.S. Army M1897's Delivered, 1897-1899
Price/Buyer's book, 1895-1905
Orders Placed, 1926 24B
Orders Placed, 1928
Production notes on Baxter, Universal, Colt Company, and Gatling
Miscellaneous, 1892, undated
Series 7. Stocks and Stockholders, circa 1917-1979, 4 folders
Notices, 1934-1942 24C
Most of the notices appeared in newspapers and dealt with dividends, dates of annual meetings, and company policy as it effects employees. These notices were issued by the Board of Directors.
Statements, 1919-1948, 1979, 2 folders
Contains an important record of condensed financial statements issued to stockholders. One odd statement is included for the first quarter of 1979. Most of these were released in conjunction with annual meetings.
Stock Certificates, circa 1917-1953
Contains stock certificates that because of company name changes, are void.
Material arranged by type in rough chronological order.
Subgroup 1. London Armory, circa 1840-1890
Samuel Colt's success at the 1851 Crystal Palace Exposition in London lead to his decision to open a branch armory at Pimlico, on the Thames, in 1853. The manufacturing phase of the operation was short-lived. The factory was closed in 1857 but the London Agency, operating as a sales office, remained until 1912.
Series 1. Correspondence 25
As a branch of the armory in Hartford, London agents were required to send monthly reports to the home office concerning the London operation.
Arranged in chronological order by type.
Incoming
1852-1854, 1860, 1870, 1875, 6 folders
Outgoing
1853, 1855, 1859-1860, 1862-1864, 1868-1875, 12 folders
1876-1883, 1885-1886, 9 folders 26
1887-1890, 8 folders 27
Series 2. Accounts, 4 folders 28
Arranged in chronological order.
1866
Balance Sheets, 1871-1882
Cash Received and Paid Out, 1871-1882
Accounts of Gatling Gun Co. to London Agency, 1873, 1875
Series 3. Orders, 1 folder
Contains requests for arms and parts from all over Europe and Australia. The orders appear to have been submitted to Hartford where they were filled by the armory there. The London Armory was apparently just a go-between and maintained no stocks of their own.
Arranged in numerical order.
Orders, 1-199, 1888-1890
Series 4. Scrapbook, 3 folders
Contains clippings from foreign newspapers, pasted in scrapbook pages. They concern arms in general and Colt arms in particular. They begin circa 1840, over ten years before the London Armory was established. The clippings can most likely be attributed to an enthusiastic early employee.
circa 1840-1860, 3 folders
Series 5. Miscellaneous, 1 folder
Contains extract and autobiography of James Nasmyth.
Subgroup 2. Colt's Cartridge Works, 1855, 1 folder 29
Samuel Colt established the Cartridge Works in 1855. Located in the South Meadows, it manufactured the cartridges necessary for the guns in the nearby armory. As far as we can tell, almost all of the Cartridge Work's employees were women. Not a totally unusual occurence in light of the experiences of "mill girls" in Lowell and Lawrence, the early use of women in gun manufacturing in the Connecticut River Valley needs to be explored.
Unfortunately for researchers, few records have survived from the Cartridge Works. Contained in this subgroup is the payroll record for October, 1855, and a few cartridge paper samples.
Subgroup 3. Brass Foundry, 1855-1889, 1 folder
The Brass Foundry, supervised by Thomas Curry, was one of many Colt armory inside contracting operations. Colt supplied the workspace and machinery and in return, experienced workers filled the orders. The owners of large manufacturing interests in the mid-nineteenth century used the inside contractor system to more efficiently run the operation. The owner could devote himself to money matters while skilled specialists saw to the employees and actual production.
Contains only two items; an account book, 1855-1889 and a diary, 1871. Both were kept by Curry.
Subgroup 4. Johns-Pratt Company, 1922-1942, 4 folders
In an attempt to diversify production, the Colt Company purchased the Johns-Pratt Company in 1923. Located in Hartford on Capitol Avenue, Johns-Pratt had produced electrical and moulded plastic products since 1886. Out of Johns-Pratt, Colt created three new divisions: the Plastics Division, Electrical Division, and the Autosan Dish-washing Machine Division.
Johns-Pratt Company, 1 folder
Contains an accounting firm's report on the Johns-Pratt Company, December 31, 1923; financial statements, income and cash reports, January 1924-January 1926.
Plastics Division, 1922-1937, 1 folder
The Plastics Division was divided into three departments: the button department, mechanical goods department, and general plastics moulding department. The materials in this subgroup contain, an article on the Plastics Division from a November 1936 "Connecticut Industry," and a March 1940 "American Era." Also included are newspaper clippings and an advertising circular.
Colt Noark Division (Electrical Division), 1922-1942, 1 folder
Colt's Electrical Division produced a wide array of fuses, switches, and starters for industrial use.
Most of the material's on the division in the file are catalogues of products and two newspaper/magazine clippings.
Autosan Dish-Washing Machine Division, circa 1935, 1 folder
First patented in 1913, the Colt Autosan Dish-Washer gained wide acceptance with restaurants and holels during the 1930s. Production continued until circa 1950.
Records include an instruction and parts booklet and advertising circulars.
Subgroup 5. Sonora Mining and Exploring Company, 1858-1861, 1 folder
Interested in the exploration of the Arizona territory, Samuel Colt founded the Sonora Mining and Exploring Company. He sent his secretary, J.D. Alden; his agent, W.B. Hartley; and his brother-in-law, R.W.H. Jarvis to Arizona to investigate land expansion and mining possibilities. The Sonora Mining and Exploring Company shared board members and some stockholders with the Colt Company.
The subgroup contains correspondence, 1858-1861 form Colt's men in Arizona as well as letters to Board of Directors and stockholders. Also contains H.R. 836, January 1859, a bill to provide temporary government for the Territory of Arizona. Also S. 555, February 1859, a bill to provide temporary government for the Dakota and Arizona territories.
Subgroup 6. Union Ferry Company, 1857-1875 30
The Union Ferry Company was incorporated in 1857 for the purpose of operating a ferry across the Connecticut River between Hartford and East Hartford. Samuel Colt was elected a director of the company in August, 1858, and was the company's single largest stockholder.
Series 1. Correspondence, 2 folders
Arranged in chronological order by type of correspondence.
Outgoing, 1858 October-1859 October
Incoming, 1858 January-1864 November
Series 2. Corporate Legal Records, 2 folders
Contains the act incorporating the Union Ferry Company in May, 1857.
Record of Incorporation, 1857 May
Corporate papers and by-laws
Contains a record book with minutes of Board of Director's meetings, July 1857-March 1867, corporate by-laws and legal correspondence, lists of stockholders, and certificates for shares of stock, 1858.
Series 3. Financial Records, 8 volumes
Contains a fairly complete records of the company's finances.
Bank account book, 1858-1875
Daybook, 1858-1875
Daybook, 1858-1866
Trial balances and Treasurer's Reports, 1859-1867
Contains accounts of the Union Ferry Comapny with the Colt Company, indicating that there was some exchange of labor and storage between the two.
Record Book, 1857-1869 30A
Ledger, 1858-1866 30B
Cash book, 1858-1866 30C
Journal, 1859-1866 30D
Series 4. Passenger Logs, 10 volumes 31
Contains ten volumes listing the horse teams, wagons, ox teams and foot passengers ferried across the river. Volume one is missing.
Volume 2, 1863 July-December
Volume 3, 1863 September-1864 September
Volume 4, 1864 September-1865 September
Volume 5, 1866 November-December
Volume 6, 1867 March-October
Volume 7, 1867 May-June
Volume 8, 1867 April-September
Volume 9, 1870 December-1871 October 32
Volume 10, 1871 October-1872 September
Volume 11, 1874 July-December
Subgroup 7. Willow Ware Manufacturing Company, 1864-1873, 9 volumes
Samuel Colt built his armory on a floodplain in Hartford's South Meadows. A dyke was built and thousands of willow trees planted to help prevent soil erosion. These willows were the inspiration, and the material, for Colt's Willow Ware Manufacturing Company. Founded circa 1864, the company used the abundant willows to manufacture furniture, baskets, and wagons. Colt brought skilled craftsmen and their families over from Germany to work in the Willow Ware plant. He built them a "company town", called Potsdam Village, complete with chalet-type housing and a beer garden. Fire destroyed the Willow Ware factory building in 1874. Due in part to increased competition, it was never rebuilt.
Financial Records, 1864-1873
Items 3, 4, 5 are in one box.
Daybooks, 1868-1873, 2 volumes
Although these volumes are labeled "daybooks" they do not contain standard daybook entries. They contain the Willow Ware Company's retail accounts and list the orders placed by these various merchants.
The volumes are chronological by year, and within, chronological by month and year.
1868 December-1873 October Item 1
1870 November-1873 April Item 2
Checkbook, 1870 November-1873 March, 1 volume Item 3
Contains check stubs for checks written as well as some forty pages of blank checks.
Stubs are in chronological order.
Inventories, 1864-1870, 2 volumes
Contains year-end inventories of manufactured items, chairs, baskets, hampers etc., as well as some materials used in production. The first inventroy, 1864 December, was crossed out and consolidated in the second volume, 1864 December-1870 December.
Chronological by year.
1864 December Item 4
1864 December-1870 December Item 5
Journals, 1864-1873, 2 volumes
Contains a monthly accounting of the basic assets and liabilities for the Willow Ware plant.
Organized in chronological order by month and year.
1864 January-1871 May Item 6
1871 June-1873 October Item 7
Ledger, 1864-1873, 1 volume Item 8
Contains the list of Willow Ware accounts and their debit/credit standing with the company. Index included at front and back of volume.
Petty Cash Book, 1872 January-1873 February, 1 volume Item 9
Contains the account of petty cash on hand for the Willow Ware Company.
Chronological by month and year.
Subgroup 8. Baxter Steam Engine Company, 1871-1894 33
The Colt Company manufactured a number of products under contract from other companies in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. One of these was the Baxter Steam Engine. The Baxter Steam Engine Company was apparently purchased sometime in 1871 from the firm of Russell E Spheer and operated out of New York City. The Colt contract with the Company (Russell & Spheer) dates to September, 1870. Colt then transferred business to the new Baxter Steam Engine Co. at the request of Russell & Spheer. The Colt Company manufactured the engine, which in turn was sold by the Baxter Steam Engine Company and its agents.
Series 1. Outgoing Correspondence, 1871-1890
Contains the correspondence to the Colt Company from the Baxter Steam Engine Co. and its agents. Most of the correspondence is concerned with orders and the squaring of accounts between Baxter and Colt.
It is arranged in chronological order by year and, within each folder, alphabetically by name of correspondent.
1871-1874, 1877-1885, 13 folders
1886-1890, 5 folders 34
Series 2. Incoming Correspondence, 1871-1873, 3 folders
Contains a relatively small amount of correspondence from the Colt Company to Baxter Steam Engine. Most of the correspondence deals with the early period of the business relationship between the two companies and therefore concerns itself with setting down the terms under which the two companies would continue to do business.
Arranged in chronological order by year, within that it is alphabetical by name of correspondent.
Series 3. Accounts, 1874-1881, 2 folders
Contains an account between Baxter Steam Engine and the Colt Company of the total amount, in dollars, of engines sold and the royalties due the Baxter Steam Engine Company. Also, lists of engines sold and consigned to dealers. Includes horsepower designation.
Accounts, 1874-1881
The following are in the same folder
Engines sold, 1871-1872
Agent's stock, 1872
Miscellaneous, 3 folders
Advertising cuts and circulars
Catalogues, 1878, 1880, 1889, 1894
Weight of castings for canal boat
Subgroup 9. Colt's Disc Engine (West's Patent Disc Engine), 4 folders 35
The Colt Disc Engine was another product manufactured under contract by Colt. The West Patent Disc Engine adopted the name of its manufacturer and was renamed Colt's Disc Engine.
Advertising cuts and circulars
Catalogues
Correspondence, 1878, 1880-1882, 1884, 1888
Royalty and sales records of engines, 2 volumes
Subgroup 10. Facer Refrigerating and Ice Machine Company, 1 folder 36
The Colt Company, in addition to the engines noted, manufactured other related machinery. The Facer Company of New York contracted for the manufacture of its refrigerating and ice machine.
Catalogue, undated
Subgroup 11. Federal Adding Machine Company, 1918-1924, 5 folders
As part of the post-war diversification effort, Colt contracted with the Federal Adding Machine Company for production of its "A" adding machine. Production began at the Colt Company in 1919. The relationship between the two companies was something less than beneficial, especially for Colt, and production ceased circa 1923.
Letters of recommendation, 1918
About the machine prior to the manufacturing agreement.
Outgoing correspondence, 1920, 1922
Incoming correspondence, 1919-1920, 1922
The following are in the same folder
Correspondence with Colt, 1919-1920
Production notes, 1920, 1923
Rebuilt machines, 1924
The following are in the same folder
Legal papers, 1920-1922
Stockholder's papers, 1919-1922
Newspaper articles, 1921
Subgroup 12. Gatling Gun Company, 1865-1900
Dr. Richard J. Gatling was born in North Carolina in 1818. He gave up medicine to pursue inventions of a more mechanical nature. Tragically naive from the vantage point of the nuclear age, Gatling believed that a weapon of sufficient destructive capabilities, one that would result in an enormous loss of life, was sufficient to end wars. That weapon, he believed, was his Gatling Gun. It was the first hand-operated battery or rapid fire machine gun.
Gatling began his work on the gun in Indianapolis in 1861-1862. In the fall of 1862, Gatling went to Cincinnati, where the manufacture of six guns by Miles Greenwood and Company was negotiated. Beginning in 1865, and until coming to Hartford, the Cooper Fire Arms Manufacturing Company of Philadelphia manufactured the Gatling Gun.
Manufacture in Indianapolis ended in 1874. The Gatling Gun Company of Connecticut was formed and purchased, for the sum of $25,000, all the stock, property, and assets of the Gatling Gun Company of Indiana.
The Gatling Gun Company of Connecticut was located at, and the guns manufactured by, the Colt Company of Hartford.
See the Gatling file in the History section of Administrative File.
Series 1. Accounts, 1872-1889, 7 folders 37
Contains accounts with retailers, inventories, financial report numbers of guns manufactured, and accounts of labor and materials.
Arranged in chronological order.
Account with Paget & Co., 1872
Guns manufactured, 1873-1874
Labor/Materials, 1873-1874
Account with Morgan & Co., 1875
Inventories, 1875, 1876, 1888, 1889
The following are in the same folder
Cash liabilities , 1873-1874
Cash receipts and disbursements, 1889
Royalty statement, 1896
Series 2. Agents Records, 1869-1899, 8 folders
Contains the agreements, contracts, correspondence, and some accounts of the agents that represented the Gatling Gun Company.
Folders with material on the agents are arranged in chronological order.
L. Broadwell (Europe), 1869
J.H. Brown (Mexico), 1869-1871
Schuyler, Hartley & Graham, 1871
B.H. Zerbe, 1873
C. Cramp (Philadelphia), 1886
E.H. Carmick & C. Colne (France), 1887
F. Penfield (Europe), 1888
Gatling Gun Limited, circa 1888-1899
Series 3. Incoming Correspondence, 1865-1898, 11 folders
Contains the correspondence addressed to the Gatling Gun Company in Hartford and includes the correspondence from Colt to the Gatling Gun Company. Also contained in this series are tests and reports on guns sent to the cmmpany.
Arranged in chronological order and alphabetical within each year.
Tests and reports
1865
1873
undated
Incoming correspondence
1867-1873
1875
1876, 1877, 1879
1884-1885
1888-1889
1890, 1895, 1898
1892
1895
Series 4. Outgoing Correspondence, 1867-1895, 6 folders
Arranged in chrolological order.
1880-1884, 1 folder 38
Contains the outgoing correspondence from the Gatling company to the Colt Company.
1867-1875, 1877-1878, 1889-1890, 1894-1895, 5 folders
Contains early outgoing correspondence from R.J. Gatling, the Gatling Gun Company of Indianapolis.
Series 5. Orders, 1866-1900
Contains orders placed to the Colt Company for the manufacture of Gatling Guns.
Arranged first by source of orders, i.e. Army Department, and within that it is chronological.
Orders to Colt's, 4 folders 38
1874, 1877-1879
1880-1883
1885
1886-1890
Payment notices, 1877-1886, 1 folder
U.S. Government 39
Appropriations, 1874
Rules for inspection, 1875
Bureau of Ordnance
U.S. Army
1866
1873-1874
1875
1877
1878
1880, 1882
1889-1893
1889
1894-1895
1897
1899
U.S. Navy
1873-1884
1900
War Department, 1871-1890
U.S. Arsenals, 1873-1884
National Guard, 1886-1890
U.S. Ordnance Agency, 1877-1878
Foreign Governments 40
Argentina, 1867
Dutch Government, 1867
Prussia, 1867
Bavarian Arsenals, 1868
Denmark, 1868
Russia, 1869-1870
Turkey, 1870
Italy, 1872
Spain, 1873
Japan, 1874
Tunisia, 1875
France, 1878
Series 6. Legal Records, 1866-1890, 13 folders
Contains agreements for sale and/or manufacture, U.S. and foreign licenses for production abroad, power of attorney, power of patentee, statements to stockholders, proxies, a copy of the articles of incorportion, some early board meeting minutes, by-laws, and lists of stockholders.
Arranged by type of record and within that, in chronological order.
Agreements 40
1866
1870, 2 folders
1870, 1875, 1881
1871
1889
1890
U.S. Cartridge Co.
Licenses
1871
1879
Power of Attorney, 1875, 1888
Power of Patentee, 1881
Stockholder's records, 1873-1874, 1876, 1880, 1888-1889
Series 7. Production Records, 1873-1874, 2 folders
Contains one bound volume consisting of a record of the component parts for the C.30 Gatling Gun. Also drawings of component parts, made perhaps for patent applications.
M1895 Gatling Gun, 1873-1874 40
Drawings
Series 8. Publications/Advertisements, 1865-1898, 2 folders
Contains a mixed assortment of newsclippings, leaflets, price lists, illustrations, advertisements, and brief company histories.
Subgroup 13. Railway Register Manufacturing Company, 1873-1890, 7 folders
Located in Buffalo, New York, the Railway Register Manufacturing Company produced punches for railway use.
Correspondence is in chronological order by year and alphabetical within that by the last name of the correspondent.
Outgoing Correspondence, 1873-1874, 1877-1879, 1882-1890, 6 folders 41
Most of the correspondence is addressed to the Colt Company. These letters are from agents and the main office in Buffalo concerning manufacture and shipments.
Newsclippings
Subgroup 14. The Thorne Cylindrical Type-setting Machine Company, 1 folder
As suggested by the company name, the Thorne Cylindrical Type-setting Machine Company was involved in the production of composing and distributing machines. Manufactured in Hartford, presumably by Colt's.
Catalog, undated 42
Subgroup 15. The Universal Printing Press, 1874-1890
The Universal Printing Machine, patented by Merritt Gally in 1869, was manufactured by the Colt Company under a contract made with three licensees of the press in 1873. The licensees traded under the name of E.V. Haughwout & Co.
This license was terminated in 1876 and Colt continued to manufacture the printing presses for the patentee, Merritt Gally.
In 1886, Gally's patent expired on the press and Colt continued to produce them for the J. Thomson Press Company. John Thomson had been Merritt Gally's manager. A legal battle followed between Gally and Thomson.
Outgoing Correspondence 42
Contains almost exclusively outgoing correspondence from either Gally or Thomson to the Colt Company.
Arranged in chronological order.
1874, 1877-1886, 4 folders
1886-1890, 5 folders 43
Incoming Correspondence
Legal
Contains the defendants brief to the litigation between Gally and Thomson.
Catalogues
Contains an advertising circular and four sales catalogues from J. Thomson Press Company.
Legal File, circa 1831-1943, Accession: T001481, 6.50 cubic feet
Box
Series 1. Agreements and Contracts, 1849-1899, 20 folders
Arranged chronologically by year. No index. See item listing in first folder.
For contracts dealing with arms manufacture, see Orders, Series 4, in Business File Also, Correspondence, Series 2 and 3 in Business File.
Agreements for Employment 44
1849
1852
1853
1859
1867
1878
1894
Undated
Agreements for Manufacture
1870, 2 folders
1871
1883
1890
Agreements with Selling Firms
1859
1860
1865
1866
1868, 1870, 1873
1896-1897, 1899
Contract for Universal Printing Press, 1886
Series 2. Charter, 1836, 1 folder
The single item in this series is the charter for the "Patent Arms Manufacturing Company" of Paterson, New Jersey, 1836. Issued to Samuel Colt, et.al. One printed copy, 1836, and one photostatic copy, circa 1949.
Charter 44
Series 3. Complaints and Law Suits, 1851-1913
See also, Correspondence, Series 2 and 3 in Business File.
Bills of Complaint 44
Contains breach of contract cases and claims on unsold arms.
Arranged chronologically by the date the complaint was first filed. No index. See item listing in first folder.
1884
1908
1911
Law Suits
Contains files of suits by and against the Colt Company, in the U.S. and abroad. Files contain depositions and correspondence pertaining to cases.
Law suits are arranged in chronological order by year.
1851
1856
1857
1870, 2 folders
1870 (German)
1873 45
1877
1879
1882, 2 folders
1884, 2 folders
1885-1886
1887
1889
1890
1900
1911
1913
Series 4. Patents, circa 1831-1943
By 1920, the Colt Company owned or was licensed under 300 patents, 50 of which were design patents.
The patent series contains information on both individual and company patents. Also includes one box of oversized drawings.
Applications, 1844-1856, 6 folders 45
Contains the inventor's name and description of item a patent is requested for.
Arranged chronologically by date filed. Item listing in first folder.
1844
1849
1850
1851, 2 folders
1856
Assignments, 1836-1910, 7 folders
Contains information on the transfer or purchase of patent rights from the original holder to Sam Colt or the Colt Company. Accompanying correspondence and actual agreement are in the files.
Arranged chronologcally by date of transfer agreement. Item listing in first folder.
1836
1850
1871
1872
1880-1881
1884
1893
1910
Correspondence, 1835-1894, 15 folders
Contains mostly incoming letters from patent attorneys concerning pending patent applications and possible infringements. Most of this correspondence is from John E. Earle, a New Haven patent attorney. Also contains letters requesting Colt Company support for adoption of a new invention.
Arranged chronologically by date of creation. Item listing in first folder.
1835-1856
1873-1919
1878
1880-1888
1881
1881, 1884
1884-1887
1885-1887
1886, 2 folders
1882-1889
1884-1886
1892
1893-1895
1894
Extensions, 1840-1871, 7 folders 46
Contains applications for and accompanying documentation for an extension for an existing patent at the time of expiration. Also contains Congressional reports on Samuel Colt's 1848-1849 and 1857 patent extension cases.
Arranged chronologically by date of extension application. Item listing in first folder.
1848
1840-1851
1855
1858, 3 folders
1871
Interferences/Infringements, 1859-1903, 14 folders
Contains claims and opinions concerning cases of patent interference relating to the Colt Company, its contractors or employees.
Arranged in chronological order. Item listing in first folder.
1859
1869
1872
1882
1884, 4 folders
1885, 2 folders
1888
1893
1892, 1896
1903
Licenses, 1870-1889, 3 folders
Licenses were issued to the Colt Company granting it the right to manufacture, sell and use an invention without fear of patent infringement.
Arranged in chronological order with an item listing in the first folder.
1870
1872
1889
Lists, 1890-1907, 5 folders
Lists were compiled by the Colt Company or the individual inventor on the patents held by each.
Contains lists of patents held by the Gatling Gun Company, Fabrique Nationale/John Browning and patents assigned to E.K. Root.
In chronological order with an item listing in the first folder.
circa 1890
1898
1907
Undated, 2 folders
Opinions, 1867-1943, 9 folders 47
Patent opinions were issued in the form of correspondence by patent attorneys and concerned whether new patent application posed any problems.
Arranged in chronological order by date of correspondence. See item listing in first folder.
1867
1874
1877
1880
1884
1886
1901 July, October
1901 August
1943
Specifications, 1836-1920 48-53
Patent specifications detail the design elements of the new invention and generally include the drawings. Also contains patent specifications presented to numerous countries, including Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain and Italy, with most presented to the United States. Naturally, because of the number of foreign countries represented, a number of patent specifications are in a foreign language. No translations made. Additional design drawings in oversize box 53A. Patent specifications contain information on the invention, the inventor, the date, and the country the patent was requested form. Some handwritten, some typewritten. Contains Patent Gazette reprints and photostats.
Arranged by number assigned by patent office. Includes four itemized lists arranged by patent number, chronological by date, alphabetical by country, and alphabetical by inventor.
A detailed listing is available at the History and Genealogy reference desk.
Drawings, circa 1831-1859 53A oversize
Series 5. Power of Attorney, 1849-1894, 3 folders
Contains handwritten copies of the power of attorney granted to Elisha Colt by Samuel Colt, 1849, correspondence concerning a power of attorney granted to J.D. Greene by V.A. King, and the power of attorney granted to Mexican agent A.E. Combaluzier by the Colt Company.
Arranged in chronological order. See item list in first folder.
1849 October 13 53
1884 July 8
1894 November 10
Miscellaneous, 1856, 1885, 2 folders
Administrative File, circa 1836-1980, Accession: T001481, 9 cubic feet
Box
Diaries, 1865-1925
Evidence suggests that company administrators or prominent employees created these items. The contents of this series varies: Records of daily appointments and other notes by company officials; notes on patents, and engineering and mathematical computations, enclosures of articles from American Machinist, and notes of excavation work in South Meadows from 1895-1906.
Arranged by date of entry. W.B. Franklin's diary is indexed in the Index to Correspondence in this File. There is also an index to a diary not included in this record group, dated January-March 1871. No index for other items.
Daily Appointment Journals (handwritten with enclosures), 1893, 1902, 1905, 1908-1911, 4 volumes (bound) 54
Diaries (handwritten), 2 diaries (bound)
W.B. Franklin , 1865-1867
Franklin was Vice President and General Agent, 1866-1888.
S. Stone, 1925
Stone was President, 1921-1944.
Personal Notebooks, 1883-1910
C.J. Ehbets, 1883-1910, 6 volumes (bound) + enclosures.
Ehbets was patent attorney.
RESTRICTED
The notebooks are in very fragile condition. A use copy is available in the box for researchers to use.
Includes information on various patents, mathematical notes, and a sketchbook of fellow administrators, 1872.
Stenographer's Notebooks, 4 notepads
Dictation not transcribed.
1901 January 21-1901 January 30
1901 January 31-1901 February 11
1901 February 11-1901 February 22
1901 October 18-1901 October 26
Company History, circa 1846-1979
Biographies (printed, typed and handwritten), 2 folders 55
Evidence suggest that the biographical files on the individuals that comprised the company were kept on record for public use.
Internal, Employees and Inventors (available for publication)
J. Browning, M. Bulkeley, B.F. Conner, W.B. Franklin, R.J. Gatling, R.W.H. Jarvis, W. Mason, C.L.F. Robinson, E.K. Root, W.C. Skinner, S.M. Stone, A.L. Ulrich. Also, 1890 award presented to C.J. Ehbets by Franklin Institute.
Samuel Colt, 1814-1862, 1 folder
Includes September 1, 1853 certificate from C.H. Pond presenting S. Colt as Major Commandant; copy of 1855 speech given at the Institute of Civil Engineers; newspaper clippings and obituary notices; coat-of-arms; Colt family tree; items on murder trial of brother, John Colt; and 1914 articles on celebration of 100th anniversary of Colt's birth (photostat).
Histories (handwritten and typed), 2 folders
Evidence suggest that the historical files on the company were kept on record for public use.
Internal
Synopsis of arms manufactured over the years, 1830-1916; draft of Arms Production, 1838-1911 (see Records of Colt Company production for bound copy, 1838-1949); Development of Colt Revolver; Development of Machine Guns, 1862-1943; and papers on the Colt-Walker revolver, 1846-1847 correspondence (photocopies) pertaining to the contract with United States Government; (typed) copies of correspondence and photos of letters of S. Walker and S. Colt from same 1846-1847 period. Originals of these photos were loaned to Colt's by Walker's daughter in 1939.
External
Items written about the Colt Company and its history.
(Also see: Printed Materials/Periodicals).
Obituary Notices
Consists of press releases, newspaper clippings and official announcements by the company related to employees and Hartford notables.
Scrapbooks (bound and unbound) 56
Created by the Colt Company Museum staff. Generally contains programs of miscellaneous United States events or celebrations, Christmas cards, employee obituary clippings, and shareholder's reports. Two scrapbooks contain samples of Colt Company stationery, including blank letterheads, envelopes, shipping labels and business cards.
Arranged internally by date of event or article. No index.
1850-1860
1877-1878
1880-1889
1900-1929
1930-1931
1932-1933, 2 folders
1934 57
1935
Labor strike, 1935, 2 items
Arms probe, 1934 58
Arms probe, 1936
Flood, 1936, 2 folders
1937-1938, 2 folders
1938-1939 59
Colt's Hobby Shows, 1935-1939
1939-1940
1940-1941
1941 60
1942-1943
1944-1945
1944-1947
1949-1956
Miscellaneous
Stationery, circa 1850-1979, 1 folder 61
Includes blank letterheads, envelopes, shipping labels, and business cards. Also, 6 stickers of the Seth Parker's Singing School, 1929 (sponsored by Colt's), 2 impressions of Company seal, a blank Colt Company check, and 13 blank sheets of Inspector of Factories, E. Burrows Brown letterhead.
In-House Communications, 1938-1971
Many of these items are between administrators at the Firearms Division and Colt Industries, NYC.
Arranged chronologically by date written or posted. No index.
In-house notices (plant publicity), 1938-1942 61
Inter-office correspondence, 1938, 1940, 1942, 1969-1971
Contains correspondence between Hartford administration and Colt Industris, NYC. Also, telephone directory, 1969.
Records of the Colt Company Museum, 1887-1957
Contains assorted items used in the Museum and saved by staff members.
The following are in the same folder 61
Inventory of manufactured arms, 1887, 1 paper, 1 photostat copy
Contains serial numbers and/or Museum tag numbers for all items listed.
Arranged by date of entry or by tag number. No index.
The unbound inventory was compiled by C.J. Ehbets.
List of arms lent to Columbian Exposition (photostat, original, and typed copies), 1893
Inventory of manufactured arms (with notations from 1929 and 1942; with serial numbers) (bound)
The bound inventory contains notations of missing arms and company donations to the World War II scrap metal campaign. Internal evidence suggests that it was compiled prior to 1929.
Assorted sketches, lists of exhibited arms, and examples of past displays, as saved by staff members
Visitor's registries, 1934-1956 62
3 volumes (2 are spiral notebooks, 1 is bound)
Papers relating to transfer of collection of firearms and business archives to the State of Connecticut, 1957
Includes copy of invitation, newspaper clippings and event program.
Records of Colt Company Production, 1851-1945
See also Business File Series 4, Production records, 1856-1928.
Colt Production of firearms, 1914-1945, 1 bound volume 62
Compiled by A.L. Ulrich and R.E. Courtney in 1914. This volume is divided into 4 sections, the first of which is an overview of production prior to 1914. (Drafts of this section are located in the Company Histories File). Carbon copy reports dated February 1945 cover the three other sections; Automatics, Current Revolvers, and Obsolete Revolvers and Automatics. These reports include information such as model name, factory model letter, general description, calibers, barrel lengths, bore and groove diameters, rifling, serial numbers, and additional comments.
Arranged by factory model letter, these reports appear to have been added to the initial production folder of 1914, by Museum Curator, C.H. Coles, and then placed in one volume.
Payroll Records, 1851-1936, 13 folders 64
Lists of contractors and work completed. Occupation and political preference noted. Contractors' payroll and rent, change in pay rates, lists of employees.
Arranged chronologically. No index.
Records of Colt Company Property, circa 1836-1980
South Meadows File, 1853-1867 62
South Meadows file contains documents re land purchases, circa 1853 and the following pertaining to work on the rebuilding of the factory after the fire: unbound daybook of expenditures and small leather bound volume account book (Old brick), 1866-1867. Fire took place in 1864.
Production Projects 62A-62C
Contains files of production projects undertaken by Colt Industries in the period 1960-1980, including files re the establishment of manufacturing plants in Indonesia, Singapore, Korea and the Philippines, transferred during the 1981 company move to West Hartford.
Newspaper Clippings 63
Also newspaper clippings of early advancements and improvements. Taken from old binder in February 1944 and reworked by H. Hart.
1836 February-1852 June
1852 August-1858 April
1858 May-1861 January
1852-1858
1853-1858
Lamar, Texas
Includes correspondence to Colt's from Harry Traylor, 1942, with typed copies of deeds, and a map of the purchased area, 1856-1870.
Miscellaneous, 1871-1872
Includes insurance statement under Mrs. E.H. Colt's name, 1871-1872, for land on South Meadows.
See also map and picture flat filing drawers for the following: original lease of Samuel Colt to first factory in Hartford, 1847; Samuel Colt's Lands, 1852 (2 large maps encapsulated).
Index to Correspondence
Incomplete file of incoming and outgoing correspondence, 1847-1888. Cross-referenced by sender, by receiver and by subject. Prepared by L. Heffner, undated. Contains index to W.B. Franklin's diary of 1865-1867, with additional summaries of January-March, 1871 diary, which was not transferred to the State Library. Dates of correspondence covered are as follows: April-December 1847; August, October-December 1850; September, October, December 1851; January, February, April-June, October-December 1852; 1853, except August; January 1854; November 1856; August 1862, and February, March 1888.
Arranged by date of item, or by entry, and cross-referenced throughout with name of sender, or receiver, and by subject.
Index to Correspondence
Publications File, circa 1850-1980, Accession: T001481, 6.75 cubic feet
Box
Advertising and Marketing Departments, circa 1850-1980
These materials vary depending upon the target group. In selling to the general public, security and protection of the home was stressed, while endorsements from satisfied police officers were presented for possible sales to police departments. Promotional aids such as advertising cuts and displays for use by dealers were distributed by the Colt Company. Some include fold-outs, press kits and duplicate copies. All of these materials differ in size, type of paper, style of print and number of pages. For trade abroad, items were printed in foreign languages, i.e., French, Spanish, Russian and Chinese. Advertising materials from the 1960s-1970s were accessioned in the spring of 1981. These items were collected from the advertising closet at Colt's Armory. During the company's move to West Hartford, the Curators of the Museum of Connecticut History were allowed to go through and take any of the advertising materials left.
Files are arranged chronologically by date or item, or by period of production (model of firearm). No index.
Firearms 65
Includes press releases, Consumer analysis, original and printed copies of advertising lay-outs (oversize, Box 65A), promotional packets, and dealer handouts. Also, purchase orders to/from Colt's (1942; 1970). Also, a description of arms displayed in 1926 Sesqui-Centennial Celebration called Evolution of the Revolver.
Accessories
Historical Prints, 1943, 8 items (7 prints + 1 duplicate)
Distributed by the Small Arms Division, these sets of 6 prints were quite popular and sold very well. (1943 April-1943 December 31 = 20,000 sets sold)
Commemorative Series of firearms, 1961, 2 folders
Celebrating anniversaries of statehoods, the lives of well-known people in history, and depicting celebrated battles from a century of wars.
Archery Divison, 1962
Includes samples of advertisements used in various magazines.
Gun Oil Project, 1969-1970
With background from 1965.
Holsters, 1970
Jewelry, 1970
Security Equipment, 1970
Includes material on bomb disposal systems and handcuffs.
Advertisements 66
Advertisements from various publications, 1 folder
Includes an original and photocopy of 1860 publication,The Knickerbocker, with testimonials of Colt's pistols (last 8 pages); a 1889 October full-page ad in Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (oversize, Box 65A); 1909 ad from Everybody's Magazine, p. 79; Scribner's, 1917-1918 back cover.
Outing, 1919 April-September, volume 72, bound volume
Broadsides and Circulars, 5 folders
Distributed by the Colt Company. These are published with the target group in mind: for dealers, advertising cuts and display ideas are included; for police department, specific arms are highlighted, and for the public, operation and correct use of whatever gun purchased is stressed.
Catalogues 67
1888, paper cover-bound
1890 January, 2nd ed., c.1, leather cover-bound
1890 January, 2nd ed., c.2, paper cover-bound
1890 January, 2nd ed., c.3, leather cover-bound
1892 January, 3rd ed., c.1, paper cover-bound
1898 January, c.2, leather cover-bound
1898 January, c.3, leather cover-bound
1899 September, c.1, paper cover-bound
1902, c.2, paper cover-bound
1905, c.1, leather cover-bound
1905, c.2, leather cover-bound
1905, c.3, leather cover-bound
circa 1900 68
1903-1916, 1919-1923
undated
Romance of a Colt
Makers of History/F. Romer Evolution of the Colt, 1926 November, c.2
Double Action Handbook
Colt's Fire Arms Sales Manual
Colt's Police Revolver Handbook, 1913,
Colt's Police Revolver Handbook, 1924,
Colt's Police Revolver Handbook, 1925,
Colt's Police Revolver Handbook, 1943,
Colt's Police Revolver Handbook, 1943,
Different edition.
Catalogues and Brochures 69
Including 1887 handwritten description of Franklin Magazine Rifle, pamphlets on various automatic pistols and military sporting rifles, and export catalogue, and 1874-1881 (inclusive) annual sales booklets.
Colt Gun and Dundonald Gun Carriage and Ammunition Cart, 1889
See oversize.
Colt Gun and Dundonald Gun Carriage and Ammunition Cart, 1900
See oversize.
Handbook for Colt Automatic Machine Gun (Ordnance Department), 1913
Handbook for Browning Machine Rifle M1918 (Ordnance Department), 1918 February
Handbook for Browning Machine Rifle M1918 (Ordnance Department - War Plans Division), 1918 June
Handbook for Vicker's Machine Gun M1915 , 1917
Handbook for Vicker's Machine Gun M1915 , 1918
Catalogue/Cover-pirate , undated
Catalogue/Crossed pistol and revolver with world and rampant colt behind guns; grey/green cover (A-70-3rd), circa 1925
Catalogue/Same cover design; grey/green cover, undated
Catalogue/Same cover design; brown cover (A-70-9th) , undated
Catalogue/Same cover design: brown cover (A-70-10th), undated
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in blue with blue cover, 1931
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in brown with tan cover, 1932
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in grey with grey cover , 1934
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in green with grey cover , 1935
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in red with grey cover, 1936
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in red with grey cover , 1938
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in green with blue cover, 1941 January
Catalogue/Embossed rampant colt and "Colt Firearms" in green with blue cover , 1941 July
Catalogue/Colt Automatic Gun/Browning's Patent; beige outer cover, undated
Catalogue/Colt Automatic Gun/Browning's Patent; grey cover with red writing and red rampant colt , undated
Catalogue/Colt Automatic Gun/Browning's Patent; brown cover with black writing and black rampant colt, undated
Catalogue/Colt's Automatic Gun/Browning's Patent; battle scence in blues, undated
Catalogue/Colt's Automatic Gun/Browning's Patent; battle scene in greens , undated
Catalogue/M1919 Automatic Machine Gun/Rifle/Aircraft Machine Gun - brown cover "A60"
Catalogue/M1919 Automatic Machine Gun/Rifle/Aircraft Machine Gun - brown cover "A60-R"
Handbook for Automatic Machine Gun and Aircraft Machine Gun; M1924 , undated
Automatic Machine Guns and Rifles "HDF" with diagrams, c.15, 1932
Thompson Submachine Gun, undated
Thompson Submachine Gun M1921-23 , undated
Foreign Materials/Colt's
Advertisements
Catalogues, pamphlets, and handouts
Price lists
Trade letters, circa 1930
Foreign Materials/non-Colt's 70
Schulhof, 1887
M1886/Webley (Government arms)
M1889/Webley
M1892/instructions for use; Paris Minister of War, 1893
M1892/instructions for use; Paris Minister of War, 1897
Fabrique Nationale, 1899
Fabrique Nationale, 1900
Fabrique Nationale, 1906
Revue d'armee Belgue, 1907
Steyr-N. Pieper system/West Germany, 1909
Frommer c.7.65 pistol/Budapest (with enclosures), 1910
Royal/Cuba, 1911
Martian/Cuba, 1911
Star/Cuba, 1911
Novelty/2-page pamphlet advertising N. Pieper pocket 6-shot revolver, 1911 July
Westley-Richards & Co. "Instanter", 1912
Received from Australia, 1912
Victoria/Cuba, 1913
Swiss industrial Company/Vetterli breech-loading repeating military and sporting rifles, undated
Webley & Scott-handout, undated
Webley & Son-advertisement, undated
Bayard baby automatic pistol-Liege, undated
Abadie-Belgium, undated
Catalogue describing the Light Automatic Gun-Vicker's, Sons & Maxim, Ltd. (with photos and handwritten enclosure; Also, 1913 sketch by F.T. Moore), undated
Price Lists/non-Colt's
Liege manufactured firearms, 1852, 1886, 1890
Melbourne, Australia, undated
Westley-richards prices, undated
Operation of firearms/Instructions for use
Includes various circulars and handouts, such as an early 1850s page with "directions for loading and managing Colt's pistols" (from Beware of Counterfeits advertisement), and a typed sheet giving loading directions and taking apart revolvers.
Colt Manual on Target and Defense Shooting
How to Shoot
What Every Parent Should know...
Handgunning and Winning
The Handgun Manual
Shooting Suggestions
Special Instructions
Do all safety devices really safeguard?
More Fun with Your .22 Rifle
Handling the Handgun (2 different versions)
How to Organize and Conduct a Revolver Club
Instructions and Operation of Colt Automatic Machine Gun (MG 50) 1940 October Vol. II (4 copies) Vol. IIIa (2 copies) Vol. IIIa-1 (3 copies) Vol. IIIb (4 copies) Vol. IIIb-1 (3 copies) Vol. IVa (1 copy) Vol. IV (2 copies)
Instructions for Automatic Machine Guns and Rifles (MG 38/MG 38B) (4 copies) 1939 March
Browning Machine Gun Technical Manual 1942 April
Contractor's Operations Manual-Colt AR-15
Technical Manual M-16 (2 copies) 1966 August
Technical Manual M-16 (2 copies) 1974 March
Elementary Instructions for Operations of Colt Automatic Gun M1914 Mod "R"
The Colt Cap and Ball Revolver (Haven and Belden 1940-reprint)
Description and Nomenclature of Colt Automatic Gun
Description of Colt Automatic Gun (2 copies)
Price lists
Retail, 1855-1972
Wholesale, 1899-1980
Proofs and Drafts
Includes drawings, sketches, photos and first proofs of woodcuts of Colt's arms for use in catalogues, advertisements, and price lists. In-original folder, dated 1889.
Some items are also dated individually.
Also, proofs for Lightning Magazine Rifle (13 copies) and (5 copies) proofs for advertising copy (also see Advertising and Marketing/Lay-outs (oversize). Blueprints for special grip for 38c. pistol (No. 540,275-1933 April 4)
Also, drafts of printed material:
A Century of Achievement, A. L. Ulrich, 1937 (2 copies)
Combat Shooting for Police, P. B. Weston, 1960 (copy)
Crime Prevention, 1927-1931
Makers of History, F. Romer, 1924-25
Yankee Arms Maker, J. Rohan (uncorrected proofs)
Publisher's Advertising (book promotions)
The History of The Colt Revolver, Haven & Belden, 1937
A Century of Achievement, A.L. Ulrich, 1937
Printed Materials (Company-Related), 1851-1970
Includes illustrations collected by the Colt Company of both Colt and non-Colt items, 1851-1964. Publications are also included,in this series. These are internally published: The Rampant Colt, 1929-1941, and The Coltsman, 1942-1944.
Also contained in these files are stock certificates of the Colt Company. No dates (however, includes "Colt's Manufacturing Company"/1947). No index.
Illustrations/Colt's 70
Also see Pinted Materials/Newspapers.
1964 calendar with 1879 Colt's Ferry reproduction
L. Paeth's illustration of the history of the Colt Revolver
London Armory, 2 copies
"1851, Great Exibition" from the Illustrated London News, oversize
CT Exhibits at the International Exhibition, Paris, 1878, oversize
Illustrations/non-Colt's
Engraving of last steamer to run the Connecticut River above Hartford (C. Dexter), 1866
The Old State House
Aetna Life Home Office
Comparigraph of arms period/wheellock, flintlock, matchlock
Cabin yacht "Mascot" with 'disc' type engine, 1881
Publications/Internal (Colt Company publications)
The Rampant Colt, (Electrical Division)1929 September-1941 September
The Coltsman, 1942 September-1944 March
Publications/External
Articles written about the Colt Company and its product line.
Broadcasts/Lectures
Arranged by date presented.
Royal United Service Institution, "Magazine Rifles & Repeaters", Lt. Col. G.V. Fosbery, 1883 June 23
WDRC/Hartford radio 6:00-6:05 p.m.; "A Newcomer's Impression of Hartford", B. Rufe - Manager of Goodyear Service, 1934 November 15
Address delivered at 17th Annual meeting of Army Ordnance Association - "Guaranties of Peace". (see Army Ordnance-articles), 1935 October
Talk delivered at Ogden Industrial Club meeting and broadcast over WKLO; "John Browning and his Achievements", G.L. Becker, 1937 March 29
Address delivered at 13th Annual American Dinner of the Newcomer Society for the Study of the History of Engineering and Technology; "Interchangeable Manufacture", J.W. Roe of New York University, 1937 April 21
WTIC/Hartford radio 7:45 p.m., on Colt's; The Spotlight, sponsored by The Hartford Electric Light Company, 1937 October 21
WABC/New York radio 6:45-7:00 p.m.; "Guns and Gangsters", Honorable E. Celler & Honorable B. McMahon, 1937 December 11
Great Lakes Regional Conference of the National Association of Real Estate Boards in Cincinatti, "Colt Village", Aubrey Maddock, 1939 March 20
"Walker-Colt" Repeating pistol", Capt. J.E. Hicks, 1940
TV program, "The Arm of Law and Order", with Al Marsters of Colt's, 1953
"The Hawken Shop", C.L. Quick, undated
Lecture presented by G. Vander Haeghen, "The Automatic Pistol", (copy of the French translation), undated
Periodicals 70A
Arranged alphabetically.
Africana Notes & News
"The Introduction of the Revolver into South Africa", G. Tylden, 1953 September, p. 122.
American Archivist, The
"The Evaluation & Presentation of Business Archives", O.W. Holmes, vol. 1:14, 1938 October, p. 171.
American Collector, The
"The Metal Flask", G. Coopernail, 1937 November, p. 10.
American Mercury, The
"The First Munitions King", J. Rohan, 1936 March, p. 351.
American Rifleman
"Hand-Gun History", R. McHenry, 1923 August, p. 129.
"Johnny Colt", R. McHenry, vol. LXXI, No. 6, 1938 October, p. 168. (part 2)
"Some Spark Photographs, Recoil and Pressure Curves of the 45 Caliber Colt Automatic Pistol", P.P. Quayle, 1926 February.
"The Old Colt Revolving Rifles", P. Jenkins, 1928 June. (photocopy)
"Pistol Progress - 1871", Major J.S. Hatcher, 1931 May, p. 31.
"Forgotten Guns of the Early 70's", P. Jenkins, 1931 May, p. 33.
"The Invention of the Central-Fire Primer", Major J. Clark, 1931 May.
"Colt's Arms in the '70's", A.L. Ulrich, 1931 May, p. 42.
"What Made the Spark-Notes on the history of gun-locks", C. Haven, 1937 December, p. 4.
"Federal Firearms Registration", C.B. Lister, 1938 January, 2 copies
"Colt Service Model Ace", Lt. Col. J. S. Hatcher, 1938 January.
"Henry Aston & His Pistols", L.D. Antwerp, 1942 January. (reprint)
"Lightweight Colt Automatics", staff, 1949 September, p. 34.
"Early Snub-Nosed Colt's", J. DuMont, 1956 August, p. 22.
"Production & Purchases of Civil War Revolvers", J. Baentali, 1956 December.
"Colt Mark III Passes Shooting Tests", staff, 1969 October, p. 70.
Arms and the Man
"The Paterson & the Walker Colts", December 1917, p. 205, 'sniper'.
"The Peacemaker", S.J. Fort, 1922 February, p. 9.
Army & Navy Journal
"Colt's Automatic Pistol Adopted", 1911 April, p. 922, 3 copies
Army Ordnance
"Facts About 'Munitions Makers'", 1934 May-June, p. 361.
"Organization for Defense", Brig. Gen. B. Crowell, 1935 November.
"The Art of Victory", B. Baruch, 1935 November.
"Peace, War and Munitions", N. Baker, 1935 November.
"Origins of Our Modern Guns", Col. R. Birnie, 1935 November.
"Our Lines of Defense", R.E. Flanders, 1935 November.
"The Adams Revolver", S.B. Haw, 1938 January-February, p. 219.
"The Machine Gun", Lt. Col. C. Goddard, 1942 May-December, 1943 January-February.(reprint)
"Machine Guns of the United States, 1895-1944", Major B.R. Lewis, 1945 July-August, 1946 March-April.
Art Journal
"Homes of America-Armsmear", VII, 1876 November, p. 321.
Bookbinding & Book Promotion
"Bookvertising", Review of A Century of Achievement.
Chamber's Edinburgh Journal
"What is a Revolver?", W. & R. Chambers, 1853 December, p. 3.
The Christian Century
"Profits From Blood-How Long?", P. Hutchinson, 1937 May.
Collector-Dealer
"The Rim-Fire Peacemaker", 1957 July, p. 6.
Collier's
"Goose Killers", G. Creel, 1937 January, p. 26, 2 copies
Collier's Weekly
"How to Train Defense Workers", H.F. Pringle, 1941 January, p. 23.
Connecticut Circle
"What the Growth of Aviation Means to Connecticut", H.L. Williams, 1939 September, p. 6. (on Pratt & Whitney Co.)
Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin
"Colt-Walker Contract", J.E. Parsons, 1948 April, p. 9.
Connecticut Industry, 1939 February.
Copper & Brass Research Association Bulletin, 1937 December.
Detective Fiction Weekly
"A Mystery of the Tombs-murder conviction of John Colt", M. Abbott, 1930 February, p. 683.
Dictionary of American History
"The Colt Six-Shooter". (typed copy)
DuPont Magazine, The
"The Course of Empire", B. Darlington, vol. 96, No. 6-7, p. 168., 2 copies
"Arms and Two Men-Remington and Rifles; Hartley and Cartridges", 1932 May, p. 5.
Engineering
"Clyde Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering, 1882", 1883 February. (extract)
Factory Management & Maintenance
"Industry and the Next War", L.C. Morrow, 1938 May, p. 46.
Field & Stream
"Makers of Famous Guns", E.O. Perrin, 1922 July, p. 289, 2 copies
Financial Survey, The
"Colt's Enters a New Epoch", E. Newmarker, 1929, p. 40.
Fortune
"Cadillac", 1938 December.
"Company Collections", 1953 January, p. 94.
Freehold
"$6.66 per room per month", 1937 October, Real Estate News and Comments, (Colt Village).
Gun & Cartridge Record
"Who's Who...Charles Coles", J. Murphy, 1953 March, p. 1.
"The Winchester Story", staff, 1953 March, p. 4.
Gun Collecting
"Paterson & Walker Colts", J. DuMont.
Gun Report, The
"Arms of the Russo-Turkish War", 1939.
"Keep Your Powder Dry", F. Braucher, 1941 June, p. 1.
"Facts About Flasks", J. Serven, 1941 July.
"More Facts About Flasks", J. Serven, 1941 August.
Guns
"White House and Midwest Cops", 1962 February, p. 32.
Guns and Ammo
"The Living Legend that was Sam'l Colt", A. Chernoff, 1962 November.
"Commemorative Guns", W. Beinfield, 1970 March. (reprint)
Guns & Hunting
"A Look at the Varmint-Handguns", 1963 July, p. 25.
Harper's Monthly
"Slaughter for Sale", J. Gunther, 1934 May, p. 649.
Harper's New Monthly Magazine
"Hole-in-the-Day", J. Micoley, 1862, p. 186.
Harper's Weekly
"Samuel Colt", 1902 April, p. 446.
Heat Treating & Forging
"Heating Processes in Small Arms Manufacture", F.M. Prendergast, 1940 October, p. 511.
Hobbies
"Unusual Colt Percussion Arms", J.E. Serven, 1935 April, p. 90.
"Colt Powder Flasks", W.F.S. Quick, 1941 January, p. 100.
"Rare American Powder Flasks", W.F.S. Quick, 1941 April, p. 101.
Holiday
"The Killer", circa 1954 August, p. 69.
Doc Holliday
Hoofs & Horns
"The Elegant Era in America - Fancy Guns and Famous Actors", J. Serven, undated, p. 4.
Hossthief Gazette, The, Miller Bedford, 1942 April.
Household Words
A weekly journal.
"Revolvers", C. Dickens, 1854 June, p. 352. (copy)
Illustrated Inventor, The
"Terry's Patent Breech-Loading Rifles", No. 16, 1958 February.
Illustrated London News, The
"Guns & Rifles at British Sporting Exhibition", 1938 January.
"The Gatling Battery Gun", 1867 March 23, p. 300.
Imperial Journal of Arts, Sciences, Mechanics & Engineering, The, undated, p. 600. (photocopy)
Importer's Guide, The
"Industrial Use for the Colt Machine Gun", 1924 May, p. 77.
Industrial Heating
"Heat Treating Small Arms", 1940 August, p. 690.
Investigator, The
"Colt's Gun Collection", FBI Recreation Assoiciation, 1956 April.
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly
"From Stone-Hammer to Breech-Loader", A. Trumble, vol. V, No. 2, 1878 February, p. 129.
Leslie's Weekly
"T. Roosevelt's Rough Riders", 1898 June, p. 396.
Photograph
Life
"U.S. is Weak in Arms and Industry is Unprepared", 1938 December, p. 45.
"The Color Spectacle-Colt's Pistols", E. Elisofon, 1962 March, p. 48.
Lubrication & Civilization/Esso Oil-Ways
"New England Craftsmanship", 1935 July.
Metropolitan Hartford
"Colt's Aids Business & Sport", G.B. Armstead, 1935 September.
Month at Goodspeed's
"Gatlin and His Colt", 1939 October, p. 14., 2 copies.
Newsweek
"Report on National Defense", - special issue, 1940-1941.
Oil-Power/Standard Oil Company
"Big Guns", 1931 April, p. 36.
Outdoor Life
"A Home Museum of Famous Guns", 1935 May. (about A. Foster, Jr.)
"Colt's - The Side-Arm that Built a Nation, 1836-1935", undated.
Outlook, The
"The Pistol - The Development of the American Revolver", 1919 June, p. 259.
Pawnee Bill's Pony Club Newsletter
"Life Story of Pawnee Bill", p. 3.
Reserve Officer, The (U.S. Army)
"Automatic Pistol Marksmanship", Capt. R.C. Springer, 1939 September, p. 7.
"New Weapons Adopted", 1938 December. (37mm antitank & antiaircraft guns)
Romance of a Firearms Collector
"The 13th Texas Colt", C.W. Sawyer, undated, p. 280.
Saga of the Sixshooter
C.E. Freeman, Ch. II-V, p. 129.
Saturday Evening Post
"The Pink Slip Strike", R. Pitcairn, 1935 June, (reprint).
"We Can Defend America", Gen. J. Hagood, 1936 November, p. 20.
Scribner's
"The Rifle that Won the Revolution", R. Burlingame, 1938 February.
Shooter's Corner, The
"Colt's Metallic-Cartridge Long Guns", P. Kuhlhoff, p. 141.
"More About the Spencer", P. Kuhlhoff, p. 169.
Southern Sportsman, The
"America's Munitions", B. Crowell, 1941 May, p. 47.
Sporting Goods Dealer, The
"Man Behind Browning", 1955 February. (on son Val)
"At Colt's with Capt. E.C. Crossman", 1919 December, p. 31 , 2 copies.
Sporting Goods Journal
"You Cannot Control That Way", Capt. E.C. Crossman, 1934 December, p. 21.
Sports Afield
"Too Good to Leave in the Past", 1961 October, p. 41, 4 copies.
Time - Book Review
"Those Were the Days", E. Hewitt. (about Cooper & Hewitt families, mentions Maxim and his inventions)
Letters - "Americana", p. 5.
Today
"Behind the Battlefield", 1936 December, p. 9.
Touring Topic
"Six Shots Rang Out!", C.N. Hess, 1929 March, p. 20.
United States Magazine
"Repeating Fire-Arms: A Day at the Armory of Colt's Patent Fire-arms Manufacturing Company", Vol. IV, No. 3, 1857 March, p. 221.
Waffe & Sport (Weapon & Sport)
"General Remarks on the History of Weapons", 1926 October, p. 12.
Western Horseman, The
"Federal Cavalryman - The Civil War Soldier", R. Steffen, 1962 January, p. 38.
Western New England Magazine
"Industries of Western New England - Firearms", J.M. Freeman, 1913 March, p. 119.
Western Writers of America
"The Roundup", Vol. VIII, No. 38 1960 August, p. 6.
"Westerns Triggered Big Boom for Colt", 1960 August. (SAA production resumed)
Wiring for Profit
"The story of Colt's", J. Savage, July (no year), 2 copies
"Making Them Smoke", B.K. Wingate, p. 24.
"Gleanings from the US Ordnance Report - Testing the Colt Automatic Pistol", undated.
"Are They Putting J. Edgar Hoover on the Spot?", W. Irwin.
"The Beginnings of Winchester", Ch. I, p. 1.
"Winchester Manufacturing Methods and Standards", Ch. II, p. 8.
"Mr. Gatling's Coffee Grinder", F.J. Gillespie, undated, p. 32.
Newspaper articles
Arranged chronologically by date of newspaper.
Ballou's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, "Sketches of Eminent Persons - Samuel Colt", 1852, p. 80. 70B
Gleason's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, "Crystal Palace Exhibition", 1853 November, p. 320., copy
Supplement to the Courant, "Colt in the Caucasus", 1854 May 6, p. 69.
The (London) Daily News, "The New Fashioned Fire Arms", 1854 July 18, photostat.
Gleason's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, "Tales of Revolvers", 1854 September 23, p. 179.
Supplement to the Courant, "Colonel Colt's Pistols", 1856 June 21, p. 116.
Harper's Weekly, "Illustrations & Story - Colt's Fire", 1864 February 2, pp. 125-126.
Harper's Weekly, "Illustrations of Colt's Armory Fire", 1864 February 27, p. 132.
Scientific American, "Conflagration at Colt's Armory", 1864 February 20, March 12, p. 117., typed copies
The Turf, Field & Farm, "The Gun Trade in America", with advertisements for B. Kittredge & Co., Colt's agents1875 March 19.
The Daily Graphic, "American Arms in Europe", 1877 April 20, p. 353.
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, "The Evolution of the Bicycle", p. 157, also "Army Rifle Competitions" - illustrations, 1889 October 5.
New York Daily Tribune, "Novel Coast Defense - Berdan's Gunboat", 1892.
Hartford Sunday Post, "Colt's Armory, the Home of the Best Revolver in the World", 1911 October 22.
New York American, "How to Shoot", Alfred Lane, 1914 March 22.
Sunday Globe Magazine, "8 Million Shots Ready for the Huns", 1918 June, p. 12.
Hartford Courant, "Government Honors Colt Co.", 1920 March 13, front page.
New Haven Register, "Old Timers Melange of Subjects - New and Old", 1922 March 12, p. 7.
Macon (Missouri) Daily Chronicle, "The Colt's in History", 1930.
The Branford Review, "The Story of Small Arms", R.A. Lull, 1932 September 8.
The Waterbury Republican, "Marking 100 Years for the Gun that Settled America's West, 1936 July 16, 2 copies.
Hartford Courant magazine, "Superb Literary Memorial to Col. Colt", Book Review of Haven & Belden's A History of the Colt Revolver, 1940 September 22.
Orlando Sunday Sentinnial-Star, "The First Six-Gun Man", 1953 June 7, p. 16-D.
The Sunday News, "Colt's Submarine Battery Tests off Staten Island", D. Owen, 1954 November 14., 3 copies
The (Waterbury) Sunday Republican, "Return of 'The Peacemaker', Gun That Won the West", 1956 January 8, magazine section.
"The Birth of the Six-Shooter".
Hartford Courant, "Texas to Honor Colt 'Glory Guns' in Centennial Exposition, Dallas", 1864 February 27.
Hartford Courant, "Machine Guns Manufacture/Hartford", also "25 Year Employee Club", 1924 July.
Printed Materials/Employee-Related, 1871-1952, 2 folders + 2 volumes 71
Includes many items for use within the Armory, throughout employment with Company, such as an office benefits booklet and company procedures, invitations to Company dances and lectures, employee and exit passes, booklet with agreement between Union members and administration officials 1941, time cards and a 1935 listing of telephone numbers. No exact dates. There are a number of items relating to clubs and committees within the Company. These are as follows: 1890 programme of the Wheel Club Tournament (with Colt's Bicycle Club); a menu from event sponsored by the Colt Pistol and Revolver Club; the Constitution of the Colt Club; 2 booklets of the Colt Hammerless Gun Club, 1894, 1903; and a booklet of the Machine Gun Associates, 1946. Also, an 1871 handwritten list of contributors to the Chicago Relief Fund (presented in 1913 by Sam Walker, past employee). There are also two bound items--the 1907-1911 papers of the Tuberculosis Committee, and the 1919-1930 papers of the Arms Club (in looseleaf binder). Also, the letters to members of the 25-year club, 1934-1940 (inclusive).
Printed Materials/External, 1851-1980, 2 folders
Items collected by Colt Company of own dealers and trade, 1 folder 71
Senate Report advocating Colt's repeating pistols - distributed by H. E. Dimick with cover for advertising, 1851 January 30
Illustrated booklet of "The Evolution of the Gun," E. C. Meacham, 1890
Bucheimer, manufacturers of leather goods such as holsters, police equipment and hunting accessories, 1905
"Gun-play," by Texas Jack Sullivan, 1931
H & D Folsom Arms Co. NY - trade prices, 1934 May 15
125th anniversary programme - E. K. Tryon & Co., 1811-1936, 1936, 2 copies
List of members of the Armor and Arms Club, 1980
Cherry's Sporting Goods, Illinois - Commemorative Gun Listing, undated
The Peters Cartridge Company, Ohio, undated
The Mills Woven Cartridge Belt/T. C. Orndorff - manufacturer, undated
Frontier Colts/Hy Hunter, undated
Hi-Standard's Flite-King parts price list, undated
Items collected by Colt Company of other organizations and various events, 1 folder
Includes 1916 "40 Days at Colt's," a booklet documenting Aberthaw's construction of a building at Colt's, items from the Wadsworth Atheneum; 1935 Conncticut Tercentenary celebration programe; a catalogue from Steinfeld's 3rd annual gunshow (1960 August) and "Eighty Years at Pratt & Whitney"; American Swedish Monthly (with an article on Pratt & Whitney, and press release and advertisements, 1966-1969.
Mahron Collection, 1871-1934, Accession: T003190, 46 cubic feet
Box
Sales Journals
1875 January-1879 December, 1 volume 1
1880 January-1882 December, 1 volume 2
1883 December-1886 December, 1 volume 3
1887 January-1890 December, 1 volume 4
1891 January-1898 December, 1 volume 5
1898 October-1907 December, 1 volume 6
1908 January-1915 April, 1 volume 7
1919 May-1923 July, 1 volume 8
Sales Books
1887 January-1891 December, 1 volume 9
1890 November-1891 July, 1 volume 10
1891 July-December, 1 volume 11
1892 January-August, 1 volume 12
1894 January-December, 1 volume 13
1894 October-1895 July, 1 volume 14
1895 July-1896 March, 1 volume 15
1896 April-December, 1 volume 16
1897 January-September, 1 volume 17
1897 October-1898 April, 1 volume 18
1898 May-December, 1 volume 19
1898 December-1899 July, 1 volume 20
1899 May-1901 May, 1 volume 21
1900 February-August, 1 volume 22
1900 August-1901 April, 1 volume 23
1900 August-1901 April, 1 volume 24
1901 February-May, 1 volume 25
1901 May-December, 1 volume 26
1901 July-December, 1 volume 27
1901 December, 1 volume 28
1912 August-1913 June, 1 volume 29
1912 December-1913 June, 1 volume 30
General Expense Account Ledgers
1872 January-1878 December, 1 volume 31
1876-1881, 1 volume 32
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1882 January-1886 December, 1 volume 33
1887 January-1888 December, 1 volume 34
1892 July-1894 March
On donor's list of items but not present in donation.
1915 July-1919 April, 1 volume 35
Museum purchase, accession no. 1994.2.
1923 August-1926 December, 1 volume 36
1929 January-1930 December
On donor's list of items but not present in donation.
1929 January-1931 December, 1 volume 37
1927 January-1928 December, 1 volume 38
Inventory Analyses
1903 January-1906 October, 1 volume 39
1907 January-1911 January, 1 volume
Rent Books
1892-1901, 1 volume 40
1901-1909, 1 volume
Account Ledgers
1871 January-1876 December, 1 volume 41
1891 January-1894 December, 1 volume 42
1902 June-1905 January, 1 volume 43
1905 February-1909 March, 1 volume
1909 April-1912 June, 1 volume
1912 July-1914 December, 1 volume 44
1915 January-1917 August, 1 volume
1917 August-1919 October, 1 volume 45
1919 November-1922 April, 1 volume
1926 December-1932 December, 1 volume 46
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
Cash Books
1890 November-1892 June, 1 volume 47
1890 November-1892 June
This is a second copy that was on donor's list of items, but not present in donation.
1892 July-1894 March, 1 volume 47
1894 April-1895 December, 1 volume
1896 January-1897 October, 1 volume 48
1897 November-1899 June
On donor's list of items but not present in donation.
1899 July-1900 December, 1 volume 48
1900 December-1902 May, 1 volume
1903 February-1904 July, 1 volume 49
1904 August-1905 December, 1 volume
1909 October-1911 July, 1 volume
1913 April-1914 October, 1 volume 50
1921 June-1922 February, 1 volume
1921 June-1922 February (second copy), 1 volume
1922 February-1922 October, 1 volume 51
1923 July-1924 April, 1 volume
1931 January-1932 December, 1 volume 52
1933 January-1934 December, 1 volume
Factory Inventories 53
1894, 1 volume
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1895, 1 volume
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1896, 1 volume 54
1896 (second copy), 1 volume
1898, 1 volume 55
1899 (photocopy), 1 volume
1900, 1 volume 56
1901, 1 volume
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1902, 1 volume 57
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1903, 1 volume
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1904, 1 volume 58
1906, 1 volume
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
1907, 1 volume 59
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
Government Order Journals
1909 January-1914 September, 1 volume 60
1914 October-1920 November, 1 volume 61
Special Order Ledgers
1914 August-1916 November, 1 volume 61
1916 November-1919 October, 1 volume
Serial Number Ledgers
Model 1895 Machine Gun, 1895 December-1916 January, 1 volume 62
Baxter Steam Engines, 1871, 1 volume
Baxter Steam Engines, 1872-1883, 1 volume
Printing Press Order Journals
1888
On donor's list of items but not present in donation.
1888-1890, 1 volume 63
Casting Order Book, 1890, 1 volume
Index Books
Number 1, 1 volume 64
Present in donations but not on donor's list of items.
Number 16, 1 volume
Number 18, 1 volume
Number 19, 1 volume
Consignment and Sales Book: Portable Disc Engines, 1886-1899, 1 volume 65
Museum purchase, accession no. 1996.308
Addenda, 1810-1948, 4.25 cubic feet
Accession: 2000-006, 1.75 cubic feet (1 oversize flat box)
Cash Book, 1885-1889
Accession: T000731, 2 cubic feet
Box
Submarine battery tag 10 53 1
Bills and receipts, Union Company, 1810-1822
Misplaced correspondence, 1861, 1883-1890, 1939
Wild Bill Hickok letter to wife and marriage certificate, 1876
Unidentified correspondence, circa 1880-1895
Blank stock certificates, Litchfield Bank, New Haven, Middletown, and Willimantic Railroad
Drawings, 1852 2
Accession: 1992-018
Photographs of Colt guns, 10 items
Accession: 1994-038, 0.5 cubic feet
Index to collection
Material specification, 1948 January 27
Material specification, 1948 March 10, 1948 March 23
Material specification, 1948 January 10
Material specification - "void"
Tool die data, index Spanish mauser rifle
Standard practice instruction
Material specification, parts lists Colt 45
Blueprints, standard operating sheets
Operation layouts and equipment lists
Miscellaneous documents, tool steel data, drawing rules
Drafting room practice
Miscellaneous drawing documents
Miscellaneous handwritten notes
Machine tools
Federal Adding Machine Corp.