Preserving the Past, Informing the Future
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The law authorizes courts to impose fines, imprisonment, or both when sentencing a convicted criminal. They must specify the period of incarceration for anyone so sentenced. The prison terms below represent the range within which a judge must set the sentence. The judge also sets the exact amount of a fine, up to the limits listed below. Some crimes have a mandatory minimum sentence or a minimum sentence higher than the minimum term specified in the table. Repeated or persistent offenses may result in a higher maximum than specified here.
|Classification of crime||
|Capital felony||Execution or life||-|
|Class A felony (murder)||25 to 60 years||
Up to $20,000
|Class A felony||10 to 25 years||Up to $20,000|
|Class B felony||1 to 20 years||Up to $15,000|
|Class C felony||1 to 10 years||Up to $10,000|
|Class D felony||1 to 5 years||Up to $5,000|
|Class A misdemeanor||Up to 1 year||Up to $2,000|
|Class B misdemeanor||Up to 6 months||Up to $1,000|
|Class C misdemeanor||Up to 3 months||Up to $500|
CGS § 53a-43 authorizes the Superior Court to fix fines for violations up to a maximum of $500 unless the amount of the fine is specified in the statute establishing the violation. CGS § 54-195 requires the court to impose a fine of up to $100 on anyone convicted of violating any statute without a specified penalty.
A violation is not a crime. Most statutory violations are subject to Infractions Bureau procedures which allow the accused to pay the fine by mail without making a court appearance. As with an infraction, the bureau will enter a nolo contendere (no contest) plea on behalf on anyone who pays a fine in this way. The plea is inadmissible in any criminal or civil court proceeding against the accused.
Infractions are punishable by fines, usually set by Superior Court judges, of between $35 and $90, plus a $20 or $35 surcharge and an additional fee based on the amount of the fine. There may be other added charges depending upon the type of infraction. For example, certain motor vehicle infractions trigger a Transportation Fund surcharge of 50% of the fine. With the various additional charges the total amount due can be over $300 but often is less than $100.
An infraction is not a crime; and violators can pay the fine by mail without making a court appearance.
There are six different classifications of larceny, generally depending on the value of the property illegally obtained.
Degree of larceny
Amount of property involved
First Degree Over $10,000 Class B felony Second Degree Over $5,000 Class C felony Third Degree Over $1,000 Class D felony Fourth Degree Over $500 Class A misdemeanor Fifth Degree Over $250 Class B misdemeanor Sixth Degree $250 or less Class C misdemeanor
Source: Connecticut General Assembly, Office of Legislative Research.
2008 OLR PA Summary Book
Reproduced with permission.
Page revised January, 2009